Analysis of gender difference on influential factors of second-child fertility anxiety among subjects of childbearing age

YAN Yu1 ZHANG Jingyue1

(1.Institute of Gender and Culture, Changchun Normal University, Jilin Changchun, China 130052)

【Abstract】Based on the data analysis of the influence of the universal two-child policy on female fertility behavior conducted by the Institute of Gender and Culture of Changchun Normal University, this paper analyzed the influential factors of the second-child fertility anxiety among subjects of childbearing age. The combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used. First, the qualitative methods are used to explore the influential factors of the second-child fertility anxiety. And then, a quantitative analysis was conducted on the regulating effect of gender from the aspects of direct cost, indirect cost, fertility concept and gender preference. Research results showed that the direct cost and gender of the first child had significant impacts on second-child fertility anxiety in the overall model. The direct cost had the greatest impact on second-child fertility anxiety, and gender had no regulating effect on the direct cost and gender of the first child. Both of them had similar important impacts on two-child anxiety, whatever male or female. The regulating effect of gender offset the impact of indirect cost and fertility concept on second-child fertility anxiety. The indirect cost had a higher impact on males’ second-child fertility anxiety than females’. The fertility concept had a significant impact on females’ second-child anxiety, but had no significant impact on males’.

【Keywords】 subject of childbearing age; universal two-child policy; second-child fertility anxiety;

【DOI】

【Funds】 “13th Five-Year Plan” Social Science Project of the Education Department of Jilin Province (JJKH20181191SK)

Download this article

    References

    [1] Li, J. Population Research (人口研究), (1): 1–9 (2009).

    [2] Wang, J. & Wang, G. Population Journal (人口学刊), (2): 5–16 (2016).

    [3] Hou, J., Huang, S., Xin, Z. et al. Social Sciences in China (中国社会科学), (4): 78–97 (2014).

    [4] Chen, R. & Gu, B. Population and Society (人口与社会), (1): 49–54 (2014).

    [5] Bachrach CA, Morgan SP. A Cognitive-social Model of Fertility Intentions. Population and Development Review, 2013, 39 (3): 459–485.

    [6] Zhang, Y., Yin, X. & Xu, W. Journal of Zhongnan University of Economics and Law (中南财经政法大学学报), (5): 14–19 (2014).

    [7] Wang, J., Bai, C. & Huang, X. Youth Exploration (青年探索), (5): 15–25 (2017).

    [8] Feng, X. & Li, F. Journal of Chinese Academy of Governance (国家行政学院学报), (1): 94–101 (2016).

    [9] Park JK. “English Fever” in South Korea: Its History and Symptoms. English Today, 2009, 25 (1): 50–57.

    [10] Zheng, Z. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (6): 15–25 (2014).

    [11] Yang, J. Journal of Chinese Women’s Studies (妇女研究论丛), (6): 28–36 (2014).

    [12] Huang, G. Journal of Chinese Women’s Studies (妇女研究论丛), (5): 103–111 (2015).

    [13] Chen, W. & Jin, Y. Population Journal (人口学刊), (2): 3–13 (2011).

    [14] Mao, Z. & Luo, H. Population Research (人口研究), (1): 84–93 (2013).

    [15] Song, J. & Chen, F. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (5): 103–112 (2010).

    [16] Feng, X. & Zhang, Q. Market & Demographic Analysis (市场与人口分析), (5): 21–31 (2002).

    [17] Mo, L. Population Research (人口研究), (2): 62–68 (2005).

    [18] [Japan] Tashiro, Nobuo. 焦虑与心理冲突. Lu. Y. (tran) Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House, (2008).

    [19] Rollo M. The Meaning of Anxiety. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University Press, (2010).

    [20] Hunt A. Anxiety and Social Explanation: Some Anxieties about Anxiety. Journal of Social History, 1999, 32 (3): 509–528.

    [21] Erich F. Escape from Freedom. Beijing: China International Culture Press, (2000).

    [22] Gay P. The Cultivation of Hatred: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud. Vol 3. Oxford: Oxford University Pres, 1984.

    [23] Harold RI. Idols of the Tribe. Guilin: Guangxi Normal University Press, (2008).

    [24] Leibenstein H. An Interpretation of the Economic Theory of Fertility:Promising Path or Blind Alley? Journal of Economic Literature, 1974, 12 (2): 457–479.

    [25] Leibenstein H. The Economic Theory of Fertility Decline. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 1975, 89 (1): 1–31.

    [26] Becker GS. An Economic Analysis of Fertility. Demographic and Economic Change in Developed Countries. National Bureau Committee for Economic Research, 1960.

    [27] Wang, Z. & Liu, T. Population Journal (人口学刊), (4): 17–29 (2017).

    [28] Luo, T. China Youth Study (中国青年研究), (1): 12–16 (2008).

    [29] Liu, A. & Tong, X. Social Sciences in China (中国社会科学), (2): 116–129, 206 (2014).

    [30] Yin, Q., Wen, Y., Zong, Z. et al. Journal of Nanjing College for Population Programme Management (南京人口管理干部学院学报), (2): 40–43 (2006).

    [31] Zheng, Z. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (2): 93–102, 112 (2009).

    [32] Witcher AE, Onwuegbuzie AJ. Characteristics of Effective Teachers:Perceptions of Preservice Teachers. Research in the Schools, 1999, 8 (1): 45–50.

    [33] Onwuegbuzie AJ, Witcher AE, Collins KMT, Filer J, Wiedmaier C, Moore C. Students’ Perceptions of Characteristics of Effective College Teachers: A Validity Study of a Teaching Evaluation form Using a Mixed-methods Analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 2007, 44 (1): 113–160.

    [34] Carter N, Bryantlukosius D, Dicenso A, Blythe J, Neville AJ. The Use of Triangulation in Qualitative Research. Oncology Nursing Forum, 2014, 41 (5): 545–547.

    [35] Thurmond VA. The Point of Triangulation. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 2001, 33 (3): 253–258.

    [36] Yao, C., Wu, F. & Li, J. Population Journal (人口学刊), (2): 17–22 (2010).

    [37] Chen, D. & Wu, W. Seeker (求索), (11): 58–62 (2008).

    [38] Liu, A., Tong, X. & Fu, W. Chinese Journal of Sociology (社会), (2): 109–136 (2015).

    [39] Yang, J. Journal of Chinese Women’s Studies (妇女研究论丛), (5): 16–22 (2006).

    [40] Yu, J. Chinese Journal of Sociology (社会), (2): 166–192 (2014).

    [41] Zhou, C. & Zhou, J. Population Research (人口研究), (1): 70–74 (2001).

This Article

ISSN:1004-129X

CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 41, No. 01, Pages 20-30

January 2019

Downloads:0

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Data samples and research methods
  • 4 Qualitative analysis and results
  • 5 Quantitative analysis and results
  • 6 Conclusions and discussion
  • References