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Evaluation of China’s practice mode of child care service for children aged 0–3

YANG Xueyan1 JING Wen1 WANG Sasa1 GAO Chenzhuo1

(1.School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an, Shaanxi, China 710049)

【Abstract】This paper proposed a new public service theory framework with seven factors, including belief, content, method, norm, mechanism, policy, and outcome. Based on the new public service theory framework, this paper identified and classified the practice modes of China’s care service for 0–3-year-old children and evaluated their respective effects. This research found that the government-led mode, market-led mode, and enterprise-led mode are similar in service item, and namely, they mostly include care and early education programs. There are great differences in belief, method, norm, mechanism and policy. As a result, the outcomes of the service modes are different. Now, the main problem of China’s child care service is the absence of policy and management. It is recommended to clarify the public service status of child care service and build a multi-supply system of government-led, market-oriented, social-participated, and family-supplemented characteristics; improve the policy of child care service and formulate relevant standards for the industry; and establish a comprehensive and coordinated management mechanism and supervision mechanism for the child care service and a scientific and flexible access mechanism in line with the current development characteristics. We suggest to accelerate the cultivation of personnel in child care, encourage colleges and vocational schools to set up programs about child care for children aged 0–3, and cultivate professional talents in nursing and early education. We should explore the establishment of community-based, flexible and diversified child care service system including different education conceptions and different levels; and establish a service organization focusing on care and early education and taking into account the care and education to meet different educational needs, as well as various modes of child care services, such as full-day, half-day, hourly, and vocation modes.

【Keywords】 children aged 0–3; child care services; new public service theory framework;


【Funds】 the Fundamental Research Funds (Humanities and Social Sciences) for Xi’an Jiaotong University in 2018

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This Article


CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 41, No. 01, Pages 5-19

January 2019


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Analysis framework
  • 3 Data and methodology
  • 4 Analysis and comparison
  • 5 Conclusions and implications
  • References