Influence of informal employment on settlement intention of floating population
(2.School of Sociology and Population Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing, , China 100872)
【Abstract】Based on the migration decision-making theory and the investigation data of floating labor in Beijing, this paper explores the influence of informal employment on the floating population’s willingness to settle down by using logistic regressions and propensity score weighting models. The results are as follows. First, the informal employment has a negative influence on the residency intention of migrant labor, and even after controlling the selection biases, there are statistically significant differences of willingness to settle down between the two groups. Second, when there exists selection biases, the regular logistic regression underestimates the average effect of informal employment on willingness to settle down. Third, income has a moderating effect on the influence of informal employment on floating population’s willingness to settle down. For the groups of middle and low income, informal employment has a significantly negative impact on the willingness to settle down; with the increase of income, the negative impact decreases; for the high-income groups, the impact is not significant, and informal employment is no longer the hindrance to their willingness to settle down. Whether floating population is willing to stay in a city for the long term is not only related to the survival and development of floating population, but also to municipal planning and public service of the city as well as the process of urbanization in China. Therefore, it is imperative to break down the barriers of formal and informal employment on the labor market and increase the floating population’s willingness to settle down. Under the condition that the segmentation of labor market system cannot be changed immediately, the government should promote standardized development of informal employment and gradually integrate it into the process of urbanization.
【Keywords】 floating population; informal employment; settlement intention; propensity score weighting analysis;
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