Influence of informal employment on settlement intention of floating population

YANG Fan1 LIN Pengdong2

(1.Population Development Studies Center, Renmin University of China, Beijing, , China 100872)
(2.School of Sociology and Population Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing, , China 100872)

【Abstract】Based on the migration decision-making theory and the investigation data of floating labor in Beijing, this paper explores the influence of informal employment on the floating population’s willingness to settle down by using logistic regressions and propensity score weighting models. The results are as follows. First, the informal employment has a negative influence on the residency intention of migrant labor, and even after controlling the selection biases, there are statistically significant differences of willingness to settle down between the two groups. Second, when there exists selection biases, the regular logistic regression underestimates the average effect of informal employment on willingness to settle down. Third, income has a moderating effect on the influence of informal employment on floating population’s willingness to settle down. For the groups of middle and low income, informal employment has a significantly negative impact on the willingness to settle down; with the increase of income, the negative impact decreases; for the high-income groups, the impact is not significant, and informal employment is no longer the hindrance to their willingness to settle down. Whether floating population is willing to stay in a city for the long term is not only related to the survival and development of floating population, but also to municipal planning and public service of the city as well as the process of urbanization in China. Therefore, it is imperative to break down the barriers of formal and informal employment on the labor market and increase the floating population’s willingness to settle down. Under the condition that the segmentation of labor market system cannot be changed immediately, the government should promote standardized development of informal employment and gradually integrate it into the process of urbanization.

【Keywords】 floating population; informal employment; settlement intention; propensity score weighting analysis;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Special funds for central universities constructing world first-class universities (disciplines) and characteristic development guidance of Renmin University of China in 2018

Download this article

    References

    [1] Liu, S. & Li, W. Journal of Beijing Administrative College (北京行政学院学报), (6): 1–4 (2006).

    [2] Luo, E. Urban Problems (城市问题), (7): 96–102 (2012).

    [3] Yang, Z. & Luo, Y. Population and Society (人口与社会), 31(1): 69–80 (2015).

    [4] Meng, Z. & Wu, R. Population and Development (人口与发展), 17(3): 11–18 (2011).

    [5] Li, N. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (6): 102–108 (2010).

    [6] Peng, X. & Yao, Y. Social Science (社会科学), (6): 63–72 (2004).

    [7] Zhang, Y. Social Sciences in Nanjing (南京社会科学), (4): 62–68 (2010).

    [8] Song, J. & He, L. Population Research (人口研究), 32(5): 41–47 (2008).

    [9] Xie, M. master’s thesis, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, (2006).

    [10] Hu, F. & Yao, X. Journal of Zhejiang University (Humanities and Social Sciences) (浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版)), 41(2): 191–199 (2011).

    [11] Wang, C. & Ding, J. South China Population (南方人口), 22(1): 22–29 (2007).

    [12] Li, S., Wang, W. & Yue, Z. Population & Economics (人口与经济), (2): 12–21 (2014).

    [13] Guo, Y. & Hu, X. Urban Insight (城市观察), 35(1): 166–175 (2015).

    [14] Zhai, Z., Duan, C. & Bi, Q. Population Research (人口研究), 31(2): 30–40 (2007).

    [15] Maloney, W F. Dose Informality Imply Segmentation in Urban Labor Markets? Evidence from Sectoral Transition in Mexico. World Bank Economic Review, 1999, (2): 275–302.

    [16] Huang, C. Northwest Population Journal (西北人口), 32(6): 23–30 (2011).

    [17] Heberle R. The Causes of Rural-urban Migration a Survey of German Theories. American Journal of Sociology, 1938, 43 (6): 932–950.

    [18] Lee E S. A Theory of Migration. Demography, 1966, 3 (1): 47–57.

This Article

ISSN:1004-129X

CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 40, No. 06, Pages 40-51

November 2018

Downloads:0

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Research background
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Data and method
  • 4 Results and analysis
  • 5 Conclusion and discussion
  • References