Correlation analysis of self-care ability, service demand and family poverty of the rural elderly

LIU Huan1

(1.Center for Social Security Studies of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China 430072)
【Knowledge Link】Exogenous variables

【Abstract】With the rapid aging of the population and the changing patterns of the old-age care, the problem of old-age population in rural areas has become an important topic of academic concern. The rural aging population is not only facing a large pension economic pressure but also facing inadequate supply in the elderly care services because of the outflow of rural adult labor. Poor elderly families in rural areas should be attached more attention. Will the self-care ability of the elderly population have an impact on family poverty? What is the relationship between family poverty and the self-care ability as well as the service demands of the elderly? These are the problems demanding prompt solutions. Based on the above, this paper analyzes the relationships between the self-care ability, service demands and family poverty of rural elderly people from the perspective of the accurate identification of the factors for the family poverty and the view of aging. The specific method is established based on the nine survey panel data of the CHNS database from 1989 to 2011, and the panel Logit regression estimation test is employed to examine each hypothesis, by setting a simultaneous equation model. The regression results show that the self-care ability of the elderly in rural areas is positively correlated with their service demands but negatively related to the low-income family and family size. There are significantly negative correlations between the elderly’s service demands and their family income as well as the quality of life. However, the self-care ability of the elderly has a significantly positive effect on their service demands. The satisfaction level of service demands, personal income, and medical insurance have significant negative impacts on the poverty of the elderly family, whereas the impact of the self-care ability on the family poverty of rural elderly families is not significant. Further study indicates that significant correlations between the self-care ability, service demands and family poverty in non-elderly families exist. Therefore, it can be found that there are significant correlations between the self-care ability, service demand and family poverty. For poor elderly families in rural areas, priority should be given to meet their economic and health needs, so as to provide support for the accurate identification of aging poverty and the accurate assistance for poor families. On this basis, the elderly care services and the life quality of the rural elderly people will be gradually improved.

【Keywords】 rural areas; the elderly; poverty; self-care ability; service demand;


【Funds】 Major Project of Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education (16JJD840009) Major Project of Key Research Base of Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education (16JJD840007)

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(Translated by WEI xuerong)


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This Article


CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 39, No. 06, Pages 71-80

November 2017


Article Outline



  • 1 Introduction and literature review
  • 2 Theoretical analysis and research hypothesis
  • 3 Research design
  • 4 Empirical research
  • 5 Conclusions and implications
  • Footnote