Studies on spatial consistency between population agglomeration and economic agglomeration in China

WANG Shengjin1 WANG Zhichu1

(1.Northeast Asia Research Center of Jilin University , Changchun Jilin, China 130012)
【Knowledge Link】dual economy; Hu’s line

【Abstract】A stylized fact of population mobility was the majority of individuals moving to specific areas, which led to the population spatial unbalanced distribution and was characterized as population agglomeration. These specific regions showed economic agglomeration, and there was a causal interaction relationship between population agglomeration and economic agglomeration. In this paper, we identified the spatial distribution characteristics of population and economy by quartile graph and Moran’s index, and analyzed the spatial consistency between population and economic distribution. We found that both population and economy were agglomerative; the Moran’s index value of economic dictator was larger, which meant the degree of economic agglomeration was higher; Beijing and the other 19 provinces had the same spatial dependent types, which showed the similar population density and economic development comparing with the surrounding provinces; population and economy proportion of provinces matched well and optimized, and population agglomeration and economic agglomeration were remarkably consistent in space. To promote the population and economic agglomeration and improve the coordination of them, we proposed some suggestions such as weakening hukou policy, reforming the floating population management service, attracting high-quality labor, and promoting the public service equalization.

【Keywords】 population agglomeration; economic agglomeration; Moran’s index; spatial consistency;


【Funds】 Key Research Base Program of Humanities and Social Sciences of the Ministry of Education (15JJD810009)

Download this article

(Translated by ZHANG Yan)


    [1]. ① This line was originally called Aihui-Tengchong line (瑷珲-腾冲线). However, in 1956, the location name of Aihui (瑷珲) was changed to Aihui (爱辉), and in 1983, it was changed to Heihe. Therefore, this line was later renamed as Aihui-Tengchong line (爱辉-腾冲线) and Heihe-Tengchong line. It is also known as Hu’s line. [^Back]


    [1] Knight, J., Deng, Q. & Li, S. Management World (管理世界), (11): 12–27 (2011).

    [2] Yu, X. & Chen, X. Commercial Research (商业研究), (5): 177–183 (2017).

    [3] Lewis, W A. Economic Development with Unlimited Supplies of Labor. Manchester School, 1954, 22 (2): 139–191.

    [4] Lee, E S. A Theory of Migration. Demography, 1966, 3 (1): 47–57.

    [5] Greenwood, M J. An Analysis of the Determinants of Geographic Labor Mobility in the United States. Review of Economics & Statistics, 1969, 51 (51): 189–194.

    [6] Wang, G. Population & Economics (人口与经济), (1): 50–56 (1997).

    [7] Cai, F. Sociological Research (社会学研究), (4): 44–51 (2001).

    [8] Wei, X. & Wang, G. Market and Demographic Analysis (市场与人口分析), (5): 13–22 (2004).

    [9] Wang, H. & Fan, CC. Population Journal (人口学刊), (5): 50–53 (2009).

    [10] Yu, X. & Chen, X. Population Journal (人口学刊), 38 (6): 27–36 (2016).

    [11] Yang, Y. Population Research (人口研究), (5): 9–15 (1999).

    [12] Zhou, H. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (3): 17– 23 (2001).

    [13] Wang, G., Pan, Z. & Lu, Y. Chinese Journal of Population Science (中国人口科学), (5): 2–13 (2012).

    [14] Fan, J., Wang, L. & Shen, L. Chinese Studies of Labor Security (中国劳动保障), (4): 22–29 (2004).

    [15] Ao, R. & Liu, S. Hubei Social Sciences (湖北社会科学), (6): 80–85 (2016).

    [16] Yang, D. et al. Social Science Front (社会科学战线), (4): 172–179 (2016).

    [17] Jiang, Z., Fan, J. & Chen, D. Economic Geography (经济地理), 34 (5): 9–13 (2014).

This Article


CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 39, No. 06, Pages 43-50

November 2017


Article Outline



  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Basic situation of population agglomeration and economic agglomeration in China
  • 4 Analysis of consistency between population agglomeration and economic agglomeration in China
  • 5 Conclusions
  • Footnote