Studies on spatial consistency between population agglomeration and economic agglomeration in China
【Abstract】A stylized fact of population mobility was the majority of individuals moving to specific areas, which led to the population spatial unbalanced distribution and was characterized as population agglomeration. These specific regions showed economic agglomeration, and there was a causal interaction relationship between population agglomeration and economic agglomeration. In this paper, we identified the spatial distribution characteristics of population and economy by quartile graph and Moran’s index, and analyzed the spatial consistency between population and economic distribution. We found that both population and economy were agglomerative; the Moran’s index value of economic dictator was larger, which meant the degree of economic agglomeration was higher; Beijing and the other 19 provinces had the same spatial dependent types, which showed the similar population density and economic development comparing with the surrounding provinces; population and economy proportion of provinces matched well and optimized, and population agglomeration and economic agglomeration were remarkably consistent in space. To promote the population and economic agglomeration and improve the coordination of them, we proposed some suggestions such as weakening hukou policy, reforming the floating population management service, attracting high-quality labor, and promoting the public service equalization.
【Keywords】 population agglomeration; economic agglomeration; Moran’s index; spatial consistency;
(Translated by ZHANG Yan)
. ① This line was originally called Aihui-Tengchong line (瑷珲-腾冲线). However, in 1956, the location name of Aihui (瑷珲) was changed to Aihui (爱辉), and in 1983, it was changed to Heihe. Therefore, this line was later renamed as Aihui-Tengchong line (爱辉-腾冲线) and Heihe-Tengchong line. It is also known as Hu’s line. [^Back]
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