Employment stability and income disparities: motivation analysis of labor exodus in the three provinces in northeast China

YANG Xue1 WEI Hongying1

(1.Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China 130012)

【Abstract】This paper used the dynamic monitoring data collected by the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China on floating population in 2013 to analyze the employment and income of outflow workers from northeast China, and finds that the labor outflow shows the features of age selection and skill selection. According to the labor market segmentation theory, and based on a division of population according to educational levels, the research indicates: highly skilled workers and general labor are in two segmented labor markets. The former is higher than the latter in both employment stability and income level, which means education-induced differentiations in employment and income exist within the migrant population. Outflow of highly skilled labor is development-oriented, with social status and economic factor as the main reasons for their exodus; outflow of general labor is subsistence-driven, with income as the primary factor of their exodus.

【Keywords】 northeast China; outflow of labor; employment stability; income;


【Funds】 National Social Science Foundation of China (13BRK023); Project of National Health and Family Planning Commission of China on the problem of the outflow of population from ethnic minority accumulation areas.

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This Article


CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 38, No. 06, Pages 87-98

November 2016


Article Outline


  • 1 Literature review
  • 2 Research hypotheses and data source
  • 3 Employment stability of population flowing out of three provinces in northeast China
  • 4 Income of migrant population from three provinces in northeast China
  • 5 Conclusion and discussion
  • References