Inequality of utilizing medical services between urban and rural areas in China—an empirical analysis based on CHARLS data

XIONG Yuegen1 HUANG Jing1

(1.Department of Sociology, Peking University, Beijing, China 100871)

【Abstract】Based on the theoretical framework of equal opportunity, inequality of medical services in China was analyzed by resources and the enabling component. Using the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition technique, the researchers found that the enabling component of urban-rural residents caused a great extent of inequality in health services, and other factors also played an important role in explaining inequality, such as accessibility to health care resources, medical insurance policies and educational degrees. As a result, there existed serious inequality in health services between urban and rural residents, and rural residents were stuck in a disadvantageous situation in China.

【Keywords】 urban and rural areas; utilizing medical services; inequality of opportunities; resources; the enabling component;


【Funds】 Supported by Key Research Institute of Humanities and Social Science in University of the Ministry of Education (13JJD84001)

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(Translated by HE Lin)


    [1]. ① The samples with too many missing values in the explanatory variables and the explained variables are deleted, so the sample size is inconsistent with the samples directly answering the question whether outpatient or in−patient services are used. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 38, No. 06, Pages 62-76

November 2016


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Theoretical analyses
  • 3 Sources of materials and analytical methods of data
  • 4 Analysis on inequality of the utilization of medical services in urban and rural areas
  • 5 Conclusions
  • Footnote