Does only child's gender affect the fertility desire of only-child parents to bear a second child? A Study based on Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS)

MA Liang1 FANG Xingming1 LEI Zhen1 CAI Xiaochen1

(1.School of Economics, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu, Sichuan, China 610072)

【Abstract】Based on data from Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) in 2012, it is found in the research that the only child’s gender can affect the fertility desire of only-child parents to bear a second child. The fact that a one-child family with a boy has obvious negative effect on parents’ fertility desire to bear a second child is extremely prominent for urban residents and fathers. In addition, we draw a conclusion through interaction item analyses that income, the time fathers spend in actively engaging in raising their children, educational expenditure and housing prices are the reasons why gender affects the fertility desire of only-child parents to bear a second child. Increase in resident income and the time fathers spend in raising children can significantly improve fertility desire of bearing a second child. However, educational expenditure and housing prices inhibit this wish. Besides, the inhibitory effect of educational expenditure increases with age and house prices has a significant impact on the group aged over 45 years old. Therefore, increasing resident income, increasing leisure time of population of childbearing age, stabilizing housing prices and reducing childcare costs (educational expenditure in particular) will significantly benefit the implementation of the two-child policy.

【Keywords】 fertility desire of bearing the second child; only child’s gender; the only boy; educational expenditure; housing price;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Major Project of National Research Fund for Basic Theory Research in Universities (JBK151101)

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(Translated by YU shangxi)

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This Article

ISSN:1004-129X

CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 38, No. 06, Pages 17-26

November 2016

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Data and variables
  • 4 Empirical analyses
  • 5 Reasons why the only boy affects the parents’ fertility desire for the second child
  • 6 Conclusions and Suggestions
  • References