The employment promotion effects of Chinese regional final demand and exports based on MRIO Model
(2.College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, Anhui, China 241000)
【Abstract】Stimulating the consumption, expanding the investment in fixed assets and export are the main approaches to fulfill the current macroeconomic policy of “stabilizing growth and promoting employment.” This article focuses on China's main economic regional employment issues, and tries to quantify the driving impact of final demand on employment, spatial distribution and pulling efficiency. Based on China's labor-extendedly multi-regional input-output (MRIO) model, Chinese mainland is divided into eight economic regions and the driving impact of final demand on employment of eight regions in 2007 are calculated. The results shows that the amount of employment promotion in the leading three regions (central, southwest and eastern coastal) accounts for 48.35% and their exports accounts for 19.15% of the national gross respectively, indicating that the three regions and their exports are the main forces of stimulating employment. Pulling-effects caused by each region has a considerable proportion of spillover to other regions, while they also undertake spillover pulling-effects from other regions. The efficiency of employment promotion in central, northwest and southwest regions are higher than the national level, while the Beijing-Tianjin region and their exports are only 67.25% of the national level. The findings may provide some valuable data for the regional policy-making. In addition, the research methodology and data are still insufficient and needs to be improved in future.
【Keywords】 multi-regional input-output (MRIO); eight economic regions in China; employed population; employment promotion;
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