Differences in the spatial distribution between inter-provincial and intra-provincial floating population and the influencing factors: based on the case of Fujian Province

TIAN Panpan1,2 ZHU Yu2 LIN Liyue2 ZHANG Subei2

(1.Minjiang University, Fuzhou Fujian, 350108)
(2.Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou Fujian, 350007)

【Abstract】Based on the data from the Sixth National Population Census and other socioeconomic data of Fujian Province, this paper analyzes the differences in the spatial distribution and its influencing factors between inter-provincial and intra-provincial floating population at the spatial level of counties and cities (districts). The results show that the inter-provincial floating population have strong spatial preference for destination choice, taking on a macro pattern that is "high in the southeast and low in the northwest." They mainly concentrate in the Fuzhou-Xiamen-Quanzhou area, and are rarely distributed in the midwest and north areas. In contrast, the spatial distribution of the intra-provincial floating population is relatively balanced among the areas in the province. The results further show that the inflow of the inter-provincial floating population is mainly driven by the economic development of the destination areas, especially job opportunities provided by the manufacturing industries; however, the inflow of the intra-provincial floating population is mainly determined by the social cause development of the destination areas, with high living quality, favorable conditions for personal development, knowledge-intensive and technology-intensive occupations as the main driving forces, although economic development is also a crucial "pull" factor.

【Keywords】 inter-provincial and intra-provincial floating population; counties and cities (districts); patterns of spatial distribution; influencing factors; Fujian Province;


【Funds】 A program supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China: Spatial-Temporal Process and Mechanism Study of Population Movement and Migration (41471132) A program supported by Doctoral Program Foundation of Institutions of Higher Education of China: Spatial-Temporal Process and Mechanism Study of Family-based Population Migration in the Perspective of Cross-regional Livelihood-A Case of Fujian Province (20133503110001) A program supported by Natural Science Foundation of Fujian Province of China: Spatial Behavior Characteristics and Mechanism of Inter-municipal Migration of Floating Population-A Case of Fujian Province (2014J05047)

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(Translated by WANG Guanyu)


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This Article


CN: 22-1017/C

Vol 37, No. 06, Pages 56-67

November 2015


Article Outline


  • 1 Data source and research methods
  • 2 Spatial distribution pattern and the differences of inter-provincial and intra-provincial floating population of Fujian
  • 2.3 Influencing factors and the differences of the spatial distribution pattern of inter-provincial and intra-provincial floating population of Fujian
  • 4 Conclusion and discussion
  • References