From the community of shared interests to a community of destiny: approach to deepen China-ASEAN cooperation

RUAN Jianping1 LU Guangji1

(1.School of Political Science and Public Administration, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China 430072)

【Abstract】Interest has been the fundamental motive and the ultimate goal of state acts. When related countries become mutually independent in the interests to a certain degree, they may probably form a kind of “community with shared interests.” However, such interest-based link alone is inadequate to ensure sustainable motivation for cooperation and to maintain stable relations among them. Furthermore, if the strategic mutual trust and consensus fail to be timely established and consolidated on the basis of effective mechanisms, such deepened interdependence may even trigger anxiety and suspicion of some countries which may become cautious about the over-dependence on other members of the community, and consequently turn to hedging strategy by resorting to the third parties for counterbalance. Therefore, in view of the problems and challenges in the current China-ASEAN cooperation, it is fundamental to deepen China-ASEAN cooperation by forming a community with destiny based on the in-depth interconnection of interests and strategic mutual trust. Such an approach will not only contribute to the further boosting of the common interests of the two sides, but also better facilitate the efforts to lay a solid foundation for the lasting peace and universal prosperity in the region.

【Keywords】 community of shared interests; community of destiny; China-ASEAN;


【Funds】 2017 National Social Science Fund Key Project (17ZDA001) Wuhan University Humanities and Social Sciences Academic Development Program for Young Scholars

Download this article


    [1]. [1] Xi, J. Guangming Daily (光明日报), (2013-10-4); Wu, L., Li, N. & Wang, T. People’s Daily (人民日报), (2014-11-14). [^Back]

    [2]. [2] Zhang, Z. People’s Daily (人民日报), (2016-8-7). [^Back]

    [3]. [3] [^Back]

    [4]. [4] Huang, Y. & Hao, Y. Guangming Daily (光明日报), (2015-11-23). [^Back]

    [5]. [5] [English] Wiener, A. & [Germany] Thomas Diez T. (eds.) European Integration Theory. Zhu, L. (trans.) Beijing: World Affairs Press, 64 (2009). [^Back]

    [6]. [6] [10] [United States] Dougherty, J & Pfaltzgraff R. Contending Theories of International Relations. Yan, X., Chen, H. et al., Beijing: World Affairs Press, 544, 545 (2013). [^Back]

    [7]. [7] Chen, F. & Qi, J. New Regionalism and the Cooperation in East Asia (新地区主义与东亚合作). Beijing: China Economic Publishing House, 43–44 (2007). [^Back]

    [8]. [8] [German] List, F. The National System of Political Economy (政治经济学的国民体系). Chen, W. & Cai, S. (trans.) Beijing: The Commercial Press, 126–127 (2009). [^Back]

    [9]. [9] [United States] Calleo, D. Rethinking Europe’s Future. Feng, S. (trans.) Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 82 (2003). [^Back]

    [10]. [11] Estrella D. Solidum, Towards a Southeast Asian Community, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1974. [^Back]

    [11]. [12] Michael Leifer, ASEAN and the Security of South-East Asia, London: Routledge, 1989. [^Back]

    [12]. [13] Ralf Emmers, Cooperative Security and the Balance of Power in ASEAN and the ARF, London: Routledge Curzon, 2003. [^Back]

    [13]. [14] [Canada] Acharya, A. Constructing a Security Community in Southeast Asia: ASEAN and the Problem of Regional Order. Wang, Z. & Fengm H. (trans._ Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House, (2004). [^Back]

    [14]. [15] [^Back]

    [15]. [16] [America] Kissinger, H. On China. Hu, L., Lin, H., Yang, Y. et al. (trans.) Beijing: CITIC Publishing House, 21 (2012). [^Back]

    [16]. [17] Lu, J. Innovation (创新), (5): 44–50 (2015). [^Back]

    [17]. [18] Liu, J. & Ke, Y. Academic Exploration ((1): 34–42 (2016). [^Back]

    [18]. [19] Fan, J. & Zhai, K. Journal of Contemporary Asia-Pacific Studies (当代亚太), (1): 4–25 (2017). [^Back]

    [19]. [20] Kim Sterelny, “Understanding Life: Recent Work in Philosophy of Biology,” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 46, P. 171. [^Back]

    [20]. [21] Xu, L. Destiny Community of China and Its Neighboring Countries: Design and Approaches (中国与周边国家命运共同体: 构建与路径). Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press (China), 3 (2006). [^Back]

    [21]. [22] [English] Russell, B. A History of Western Philosophy. Ma, Y. (trans.) Beijing: The Commercial Press, 518–519 (2012). [^Back]

    [22]. [23] [26] [43] [America] Wendt, A. Social Theory of International Politics. Qin, Y. (trans.) Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 437, 287–288, 439 (2000). [^Back]

    [23]. [24] [United States] Keohane, R. & [United States] Nye, J. Power and Interdependence. Meng, H. (trans.) Beijing: Peking University Press, 2014, p. 9. [^Back]

    [24]. [25] [Israel] Adler, E & [United States] Barnett, M. in Zheng, X. (ed.) Interregionalism Governance Model (区域间主义治理模式). Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press (China), 84 (2014). [^Back]

    [25]. [27] Qin, Y. World Economics and Politics (世界经济与政治), (5): 1 (2004). [^Back]

    [26]. [28] [31] Evelyn Goh, “Southeast Asian Perspectives on the China Challenge,” Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 30, No. 4 (August 2007), pp. 809–832. [^Back]

    [27]. [29] [English] Mackinder, H. Democratic Ideals and Reality. Wang, D. (trans.) Shanghai: Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 2016, pp. 150–153. [^Back]

    [28]. [30] Geoff Wade, China and Southeast Asia, London: Routledge, 2009, p. 321. [^Back]

    [29]. [32] Evelyn Goh, “Great Powers and Hierarchical Order in Southeast Asia: Analyzing Regional Security Strategies,” International Security, Vol. 32, No. 3 (Winter 2007/2008), p. 116. [^Back]

    [30]. [33] David Shambaugh, Michael Yahuda (eds.), International Relations of Asia, New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2014, p. 162. [^Back]

    [31]. [34] Henry F. Makeham, “Chinese Perspectives on the Feasibility of an Asia Pacific Community,” The Chinese Journal of International Politics, Vol. 6 (2013), p. 367. [^Back]

    [32]. [35][37] Zhang, G. People’s Daily (人民日报), (2014-9-17). [^Back]

    [33]. [36] Xi, J. Guangming Daily (光明日报), (2013-10-4). [^Back]

    [34]. [38] He, M. & Tian, B. Frontiers (学术前沿), (6): 37 (2014). [^Back]

    [35]. [39] David C. Kang, China Rising: Peace, Power, Order in East Asia, New York: Columbia University Press, 2007, p. 203. [^Back]

    [36]. [40] Saw Swee-Hock, Sheng Lijun, Chin Kin Wah, ASEAN-China Relations: Realities and Prospects, Singapore: ISEAS Publications, 2005, p. 24. [^Back]

    [37]. [41] [United States] Waltz, K. Realism and International Politics. Zhang, R. & Liu, F. Beijing: Peking University Press, 28 (2012). [^Back]

    [38]. [42] Yang, K., Lin, B. & Yuan, M. Renmin Zhengxie Bao (人民政协报), (2017-8-8). [^Back]

    [39]. [44] Alice D. Ba, “Who’s socializing whom? Complex engagement in Sino-ASEAN relations,” The Pacific Review, Vol. 19, No. 2 (June 2006), p. 175. [^Back]

This Article


CN: 35-1054/C

Vol , No. 01, Pages 8-19

March 2018


Article Outline


  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Analytical framework: from the community of shared interests to the community of destiny
  • 3 Construction of “China-ASEAN community of destiny”: the objective requirements of the times
  • 4 Reflection on path of building the “China-ASEAN community of destiny"
  • Footnote