Policies and positions of Mexico, Chile and Peru in TPP negotiation and their influence on regional integration of Latin America

LI Hui1

(1.Comprehensive Theory Lab of Institute of Latin American Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.)

【Abstract】In October 2015, 12 countries led by the US basically and finally reached the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement. Mexico, Chile and Peru, three member states from Latin America, are members of the Pacific Alliance and have more open economic and political modes. For these three Latin American countries, participating in the TPP negotiations is the result of more of political considerations than economic interests. On the one hand, these three countries maintain a good traditional friendship with the United States and close bilateral contacts; on the other hand, they all have signed free trade agreements with most member states of TPP, while the new Asian markets have made limited contribution to their economies. TPP member countries develop greatly various economic levels, as TPP includes both developed countries represented by the United States and also developing countries. They have large differences on issues such as market access of agricultural products, rules of auto origin places and intellectual property protection (IPR). In addition, TPP agreement will intensify the opposition between Pacific Alliance and Mercosur, affecting the integration process of Latin America.

【Keywords】 TPP agreement; integration of Latin America; market access of agricultural products; rules of auto origin places; intellectual property rights of the pharmaceutical industry; investment dispute settlement mechanism;


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(Translated by ZHONG yehong)


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This Article


CN: 11-1160/C

Vol 37, No. 06, Pages 15-20

December 2015


Article Outline


  • 1 The origin and the tortuous process of TPP negotiation
  • 2 The policies and positions of three Latin American countries in the TPP negotiation
  • 3 Intertwined influence of Pacific regional integration and Latin American regional integration
  • 4 Conclusion
  • Footnote