Project Mausam, India’s maritime strategy and 21st-century Maritime Silk Road

TAO Liang1,2

(1.Center for Cold War International History Studies, East China Normal University)
(2.Department of History in Yunnan University)

【Abstract】Project Mausam represents India’s effort to revitalize the ancient Indian Ocean Maritime Spice Route, using this as a key slogan to advance its plans to restore, protect and develop historical and cultural heritages found across states along the Indian Ocean. Through this plan, India aims to bring these states together under the common historical cultural and religious identity. In this way, India can realize its Indian Ocean strategy of strengthening its relations with Indian Ocean states and demonstrate its soft power influence in the region. While Project Mausam may have an impact on China’s 21st-century Maritime Silk Road, given the needs of the two states vis-à-vis their national development strategies, it is not inconceivable that cooperation might emerge between Project Mausam and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road. Only by recognizing one another’s plans, or even cooperating, can the two sides create potential for the smooth implementation of their respective strategies.

【Keywords】 Project Mausam; Indian Ocean; Maritime Silk Road; soft power; Sino-Indian relations; One Belt and One Road;

【DOI】

【Funds】 China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015M571520) National Social Science Foundation of China (13XSS011)

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(Translated by LI shushu)

    Footnote

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    [8]. ① http://www.imf.org/external/chinese/pubs/ft/weo/2015/update/01/pdf/0115c. pdf [^Back]

    [9]. ② Kabir Taneja, “A Game Changer for China and India in Sri Lanka?” The Diplomat, Feb. 19, 2015. http://thediplomat.com/2015/01/a-game-changer-for-china-and-india-in-sri-lanka/ [^Back]

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    [14]. ① Sureesh Mehta, Freedom to Use the Seas: India’s Maritime Military Strategy (New Delhi: Integrated Headquarters, Ministry of Defense (Navy), 2007), p.13. [^Back]

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    [19]. ③ B. R. Deepak, “One Belt One Road: China at the Centre of the Global Geopolitics and Geoeconomics?” Oct. 19, 2014. http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/node/1672#sthash.a6tW KR0S.dpuf [^Back]

    [20]. ① Claude Arpi, “Xi Jinping’s New Silk Road:India Needs to be Wary”. [^Back]

    [21]. ① Avinash Godbole,“India and China: Competition and Cooperation in the Evolving Asian Security Scenario”; Claude Arpi, “Xi Jinping’s New Silk Road: India Needs to be Wary”; Abhijit Singh, “Maritime Security Partner in the Indo-Pacific”. [^Back]

    [22]. ② Avinash Godbole,“India and China: Competition and Cooperation in the Evolving Asian Security Scenario”. [^Back]

    [23]. ③ Akhilesh Pillalamarri, “Project Mausam: India’s Answer to China’s ‘Maritime Silk Road’,” The Diplomat, Sept.19, 2014. http://thediplomat.com/2014/09/project-mausam-indias-answer-tochinas-maritime-silk-road/ [^Back]

    [24]. ① Sunil Khilnani and Rajiv Kumar eds., Non-Alignment 2.0: A Foreign and Strategic Policy for India in the Twenty First Century, New Delhi, 2012, pp. 13-14. http://cprindia.org/research/reports/nonalignment-20-foreign-and-strategic-policy-india-twenty-first-century [^Back]

    [25]. ② Shannon Tiezzi, “The New Silk Road: China’s Marshall Plan?” The Diplomat, Dec. 9, 2014. http://thediplomat.com/2014/11/the-new-silk-road-chinas-marshall-plan/ [^Back]

    [26]. ① Ankit Kumar, “Project Mausam: Not a Counter to China’s Maritime Silk Road”. [^Back]

    [27]. ② http://countryreport.mofcom.gov.cn/ new/view110209.asp?news_id=43252 [^Back]

    [28]. ① Shyam Saran, “India Must Join China’s Silk Route Initiative,” Hindustan Times, Feb. 9, 2015. http://www.hindustantimes.com/analysis/india-must-join-china-s-silk-route-initiative/article1-132798 [^Back]

    [29]. ② http://www.yicai.com/news/jrtt/2015/04/4601785.html (2015-4-7). [^Back]

    [30]. ① http://politics.people.com.cn/n/2015/0328/c70731-26764643.html [^Back]

    [31]. ② http://www.fmpre.gov.cn/mfa_chn/zyxw_602251/t1243647.shtml (2015-3-28). [^Back]

    [32]. ③ Raja Mohan, “Silk Road Focus: Chinese Takeaway,” Indian Express, March 29, 2015. http://indianexpress.com/article/opinion/columns/chinese-takeaway-15/ [^Back]

    [33]. ④ Raja Mohan, “Silk Road Focus: Chinese Takeaway”. [^Back]

    [34]. ⑤ Ibid. [^Back]

    [35]. ① Tao, L. South Asian Studies (南亚研究), (3): 53–65 (2011). [^Back]

This Article

ISSN:1002-8404

CN: 11-1306/C

Vol , No. 03, Pages 95-110+157-158

September 2015

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Formation of the Project Mausam
  • 2 Observation on the soft power of India’s Maritime Strategy through the Project Mausam
  • 3 Influence of Project Mausam on the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road
  • 4 The Project Mausam and the One Belt and One Road in the context of the Sino-Indian ties
  • 5 Conclusion
  • Footnote