Impact of Air Pollution Prevention on Economic Development in China after 2013: Case Study for Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region

JIANG Kejun1 DAI Chunyan2 HE Chenmin3 ZHU Songli1

(1.Energy Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Marco-Economy Research, Beijing, China 100038)
(2.Research Center for Economy of Upper Reaches of Yangtze River, Chongqing Technology and Business University, Chongqing, China 400067)
(3.Environment Science and Engineering Collage, Peking University, Beijing, China 100871)

【Abstract】Considering that the negative impact of air pollution prevention on China’s economic development is a dominant perspective currently, the government is difficult to further improve air quality. This study analyzes the output, the profit, and the development of some energy-intensive industries in the potentially affected sectors based on the statistical data and field survey data from 2013 to 2018. Taking the environmental protection industry as an example, we analyze the economic impact of China’s atmospheric governance policy after 2013. The results show that it is not consistent with the conclusion that air pollution prevention has a negative impact on the economy as considered generally. In the key areas of air pollution prevention in recent years, especially in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region, the economy has also developed well while improving environmental quality. This conclusion has some inspiration for the areas that still have deep doubts about further atmospheric air management. It is necessary to make full use of the opportunities of atmospheric haze governance, combining environmental governance, atmospheric haze control, and greenhouse gas emission reduction with local industrial development to form a benign development. The pattern promotes local economic development. Meanwhile, China should realize the fundamental changes in the environment and deep reduction of CO2 emissions unswervingly. This is not only the embodiment of the community of human destiny in the field of environment and climate change, but also a great opportunity for the development of Chinese enterprises in the world.

【Keywords】 air pollution prevention; economy development; new industry; Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region; impact;


【Funds】 PM Fund Project (DQGG0302-02, DQGG0301)

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This Article



Vol 35, No. 06, Pages 732-741

June 2020


Article Outline


  • 1 China has made great achievements in air pollution prevention, but the understanding of its economic impact is controversial
  • 2 Research method
  • 3 Economic output of potentially negatively affected industries
  • 4 Air pollution prevention has boosted the growth of emerging environmental protection industries
  • 5 Conclusions
  • References