(2.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所国家荒漠-绿洲生态建设工程技术研究中心, 乌鲁木齐 830011)
(3.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所莫索湾沙漠研究站, 石河子 832000)
(4.中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所塔克拉玛干沙漠研究站, 库尔勒 841000)
(5.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049)
(6.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院, 兰州 730000)
【基金资助】 国家重点研发计划(2017YFE0109200); 中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA20030202);
Patterns of Blown-sand Hazard Control for Traffic Arteries in China and Their Application
(2.National Engineering Technology Research Center for Desert-Oasis Ecological Construction, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, China 830011)
(3.Mosuowan Desert Research Station, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shihezi, China 832000)
(4.Taklimakan Desert Research Station, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Korla, China 841000)
(5.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 100049)
(6.Northwest Institute of Eco-environmental Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, China 730000)
【Abstract】Highways and railways are important infrastructures of land transportation. The blown-sand hazard control of traffic arteries in sandy areas has always been one important issue in the national economy and society. In view of the characteristics of aeolian environment and the demand for safe operation of traffic arteries, China has carried out a large number of sand hazard control experiment and practices mainly on technology innovation of materials, measures, comprehensive system, maintenance, summed up four configuration patterns of sand control system, and created some patterns of sand hazard control technology for desert traffic arteries in different aeolian environments with Chinese characteristics. At the same time, the patterns have been applied successfully in the Baotou-Lanzhou Railway, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway, Tarim Desert Highway in Taklimakan Desert, and the Open Channel in Gurbantunggut Desert. China’s achievements in the sand hazard control for land transportation arteries have a broad application prospect in sandy areas in the world, especially in the countries along the Belt and Road.
【Keywords】 highway; railway; blown-sand hazard; sand prevention measures; sand control system;
【Funds】 National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFE0109200); Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Science (Class A) (XDA20030202);
. Technology Service Platform for Comprehensive Ecological Improvement of Southwest Edge of Tarim Basin (http://3w.detts.org/Item/6769.aspx) [^Back]
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