China’s Combating Desertification: National Solutions and Global Paradigm
(2.Experimental Center of Desert Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Bayannur, China 015200)
(3.Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, China 830011)
(4.Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 100094)
【Abstract】Desertification, since initial recognition in 1927 and common definition in 1992, through its vicissitudes, is still one of the serious global environmental issues facing the world and exists as the bottleneck of development. Desertification threatens terrestrial ecological security and limits the sustainability of socio-economic development. In consideration of the impacts of desertification, an “Earth Cancer” and a persistent disease, the authors contribute four prescriptions of “good medicines” for the global initiatives to combat desertification, on the basic framework of Chinese strategies and experiences of “four horizontal beams and eight pillars,” in line with the 15.3 goal of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); namely, development of Protocol of United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and unification of Weights and Measures (benchmarks and indicators) of the implementation and compliance of the UNCCD; setting up of global observation network to monitor the area change of dryland change; compilation of global natural desert (heritage) directory to leave behind landscape of aboriginal sand sea for future generations; initiation of “global governance action to combat desertification” to strive for achieving the target of Land Degradation Neutrality (LDN) at 2030.
【Keywords】 prevention and control of sands; combating desertification; China’s programme; global governance; future strategy;
. (1) The key point is to plant psammophytes under the protection of straw checkerboard as sand barrier, which was adopted during the construction of railway and canal in Karakum Desert by the Soviet Union. [^Back]
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