Study on Green Development Model and Approach of Blue Agriculture in the Yellow River Delta
(2.Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao, China 266237)
(3.Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, China 266071)
(4.The Innovation of Seed Design, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China 430000)
【Abstract】The Yellow River Delta is located on the west coast of the Bohai Sea. It is one of the regions with active interaction between land and ocean and one of the three major estuary deltas in China. This region has the most complete, the most extensive, the youngest wetland ecosystem and abundant biological resources in China’s warm temperate zone. It plays an important role in the regulation of climate, mitigation of exogenous pollution, and restoration of amphibious ecological ecotone. In recent years, with the rapid development of the Yellow River Delta region, problems such as the continuous reduction of inflow water and sediment, the serious shrinkage of wetland areas, and the invasion of Spartina alterniflora Loisel, have become increasingly severe. On the basis of summarizing and analyzing the development status of this region, we proposed four development concepts: ecological protection priority, adaptation to local water conditions, deep integration of multiple elements, and reasonable spatial layout. We then suggested four development models: ecological farm and ranch, integrated development of fishery and tourism, integrated development of fishery and energy industry, and linkage of three kinds of industrial models, with a view to achieving green development of blue agriculture in the Yellow River Delta.
【Keywords】 the Yellow River Delta; blue agriculture; ecological farm and ranch; integrated development of fishery and tourism; integrated development of fishery and energy industry; linkage of three kinds of industrial models;
(Translated by XU XY)
. (1) Blue agriculture refers to human activities such as planting, breeding, intensive processing, and comprehensive utilization of biological resources in water bodies (including inland water and ocean). [^Back]
1 Liu F. Preliminary Study of Pollution, Degradation and Remediation in Aquatic Ecosystem of Yellow River Delta Wetland. Qingdao: China Ocean University Press, 2015 (in Chinese).
2 Liu L J, Li Y T, Liu Z X, et al. Construction and demonstration of ecocycle symbiosis model based on saline-alkali land improvement—setting the Yellow River Delta Area as an example [J]. Shandong Land and Resources, 2019, 35 (8): 59-63 (in Chinese).
3 Yang H S. Second leap in “Blue Agriculture” devlopment. World Sci-Tech R & D, 1999, 21 (4): 77–80 (in Chinese).
4 Gao Z B, Wan P, Gao J, et al. 黄河三角洲水资源利用问题及对策研究. Water Resources Planning and Design, 2017, (11): 100–101 (in Chinese).
5 Yu S T. Human Activity Intensity and Ecological Effect of Coastal Wetlands in the Yellow River Delta. Qingdao: Qingdao Technological University, 2018 (in Chinese).
6 Xiao Y. Human Activities and Their Effects on Soil Salinization and Degradation in the Yellow River Delta. Tai’an: Shandong Agricultural University, 2018 (in Chinese).
7 Luo Y Y. Characteristics of Water-soluble Organic Carbon in Atmospheric Particulate Matter in the Yellow River Delta. Jinan: Shandong University, 2019 (in Chinese).
8 Song Y, Li H D, Shi W B, et al. Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in the wetland of the Yellow River Delta. Environmental Protection Science, 2018, 44 (5): 118–122 (in Chinese).
9 Liu M Y. Remote Sensing Analysis of Spartina alterniflora in the Coastal Areas of China during 1990 to 2015. Changchun: University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences), 2018 (in Chinese).
10 Qiao P Y. Study on Mechanical and Chemical Control of Invasive Plant Spartina alterniflora in Yellow River Delta. Hohhot: Inner Mongolia University, 2019 (in Chinese).
11 Huang J C, Lin H X, Qi X X. A literature review on optimization of spatial development pattern based on ecological-production-living space. Progress in Geography, 2017, 36 (3): 378–391 (in Chinese).
12 Shi H J, Xu N Z, Zhang Y H, et al. Regional environmental management and control system based on “Three Lines”—Taking the Pearl River Delta as an Example. Environmental Impact Assessment, 2018, 40 (5): 23–29 (in Chinese).
13 Yang H S. Conception and approach on new model of ecological farm and ranch constructions in coastal zone—A case of the Yellow River Delta, China. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2017, 32 (10): 1111–1117 (in Chinese).
14 Sun J, Xia J B, Su L, et al. Soil amelioration of different vegetation types in saline-alkali land of the Yellow River Delta, China. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2020, DOI: 10.13287/j.1001-9332.202004.032 (in Chinese).
15 Van Kuik G, Joachim P. Long-term research challenges in wind energy—A research agenda by the European Academy of Wind Energy. Berlin: Springer, 2016.
16 Kumar V, Shrivastava R L, Untawale S P. Solar energy: Review of potential green & clean energy for coastal and offshore applications. Aquatic Procedia, 2015, 4: 473–480.
17 O’Hagan A, Huertas C, O’Callaghan J, et al. Wave energy in Europe: Views on experiences and progress to date. International Journal of Marine Energy, 2016, 14: 180–197.
18 Yates K L, Bradshaw C J. Offshore Energy and Marine Spatial Planning. London: Routledge, 2018.
19 Young M. Building the blue economy: The role of marine spatial planning in facilitating offshore renewable energy development. The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, 2015, 30 (1): 148–174.
20 Li Y Y, Yu X L, Shi J W. 生态监测及其发展趋势. Journal of Hydroecology, 2005, 25 (4): 62–64 (in Chinese).
21 Jiang B L. Ecological Monitoring. Fujian Environment, 2003, 20 (1): 4–6 (in Chinese).
22 Xie Q J, Yang Z Y, Li M Y. 生态监测及其在我国的发展. Light Industry Science and Technology, 2008, 24 (8): 77–79 (in Chinese).
23 Zhang G S, Wang R Q. Research on dynamic monitoring of ecological environment in modern Yellow River Delta. China Environmental Science, 2008, 28 (4): 380–384 (in Chinese).
24 Mao H Y, Zhao Q J, Gao Q. New thought and pattern under the eco-environmental restriction in the Yellow River Delta. Journal of Natural Resources, 2003, 18 (4): 459–466 (in Chinese).
25 Ju Z J, Qin L X. Research on the present situation and the development trend of the aquatic product processing industry in China. World Agriculture, 2013, (5): 138–142 (in Chinese).
26 Yang H S, Xing L L, Zhang L B. Promoting systematic design and innovation-driven development for modern fishery. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2016, 31 (12): 1339–1346 (in Chinese).