Impact of high-speed rail on land transportation accessibility of Yangtze River Delta

TAO Zhuolin1,2 YANG Xiaomeng3,4 LIANG Jinshe4

(1.School of Urban Planning and Design, Peking University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China 518055)
(2.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China 100871)
(3.Institute of Real Estate, Wanyuan Valuation & Consultation CO., LTD., Changsha, Hunan, China 410011)
(4.School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China 100875)

【Abstract】Using three different accessibility indicators, including the weighted average travel time, economic potential and travel time to Shanghai, this paper evaluates the impact of high-speed rail on land transportation accessibility of Yangtze River Delta at the county level. The relation between the change of accessibility and the economic development level is also analyzed to predict possible impact of high-speed rail on economic development pattern. The results show that high-speed rail improves the accessibility of Yangtze River Delta entirely, and also reduces the regional difference of accessibility. There is an obvious spatial difference in the improvement of accessibility. High- speed rail evidently reduces the weighted average travel time and travel time to Shanghai of areas with lower economic level, which indicates that these areas could benefit more from the radiation effect of other areas especially Shanghai; while the enhancement of economic potential is more obvious in areas with higher economic level, which may lead to a more unbalanced economic development pattern in Yangtze River Delta.

【Keywords】 high-speed rail; Yangtze River Delta; accessibility; economic potential; county-level scale;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Natural Science Foundation of China (41171131)

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This Article

ISSN:1000-8462

CN: 43-1126/K

Vol 36, No. 08, Pages 40-46

August 2016

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Measurement of accessibility
  • 2 Data acquisition and calculation
  • 3 Analysis of results
  • 4 Conclusions
  • References