The influence of high-speed railways on the accessibility of the metropolitan areas in the Yangtze River Delta region

WANG Degen1,2 ZHANG Yun3

(1.Tourism Department of Soochow University, Jiangsu, China 215123)
(2.Department of Geography, Planning and Recreation, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff Arizona 86011-5016, US)
(3.College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Anhui Polytechnic University, Wuhu, Anhui, China 241000)

【Abstract】In this paper, an integrated method of cost weighted raster was applied to the analysis of changes in five metropolitan areas’ shortest travel time accessibility, daily commuting circles and other aspects related to the isochronous rings under two conditions namely, with and without high-speed railways, in the Yangtze River Delta region. The results have provided enlightenment in three aspects. First, cities with stations for the high-speed railways became the biggest beneficiaries of time convergence, and the accessibility of the cities without stations was also slightly promoted. Second, the isochronous rings of the five metropolitan areas expanded outward along the high-speed railways, and the spatial scope showing the axial guiding role played by the high-speed railways. Third, high-speed railways expanded the coverage of the five metropolitan areas’ daily commuting circles, which increased to almost 100 percent. The coverage of the 1h and 2h isochronous rings expanded in varying degrees. This indicated that the time cost for the commuting among cities within a metropolitan area and core cities among different metropolitan areas was reduced by high-speed railways, achieving the goal of daily commuting and producing a “one-city” effect.

【Keywords】 high-speed railway; metropolitan area; accessibility; daily commuting circle; the Yangtze River Delta region;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Project Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (41271134) Project Supported by Youth Fund for Research on Humanities and Social Sciences of Ministry of Education (10YJC790245)

Download this article

(Translated by ZHONG Yehong)

    References

    [1] Jameel Khadaroo, Boopen Seetanah.Transport infrastructure and tourism development [J]. Annals of Tourism Research, 2007, 34(4):1 021-1 032.

    [2] Li, X. Economic Geography (经济地理学). Beijing: Higher Education Press, 200-214 (1999).

    [3] Gutiérrez Javier,Ana Conde-Melhorado,Juan Carlos Martín.Using accessibility indicators and GIS to assess spatial spillovers of transport infrastructure investment [J]. Journal of Transport Geography, 2009, 12(3):1-12.

    [4] Wang, D. Tourism Tribune (旅游学刊), 29(1): 75-82 (2014).

    [5] Wang, D. Scientia Geographica Sinica (地理科学), 33(7): 797-805 (2013).

    [6] Wang, D. Geographical Research (地理研究), 32(8): 1555-1564 (2013).

    [7] Wang Degen,Qian Jia,Chen Tian,et al.Influence of the highspeed rail on the regional tourism spatial pattern [J]. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 2014, 19(8):890-912.

    [8]Javier Gutierrez.Location,economic potential and daily accessibility:an analysis of the accessibility impact of the high-speed line Madrid-Barcelona-French border [J]. Journal of Transport Geography, 2001, 9:229-242.

    [9] Murayama Y.The impact of railways on accessibility in the Japanese urban system [J]. Journal of Transport Geography, 1994, 2:87-100.

    [10] Sasaki K,Ohashi T,Ando A.High-speed rail transit impact on regional systems:does the Shinkansen contribute to dispersion [J]. Annals of Regional Science, 1997, 31(1):77-98.

    [11] Kim K S.High-speed rail developments and spatial restructuring:a case study of the capital region in South Korea [J]. Cities, 2000, 17(4):251-262.

    [12] Luo, P., Xu, Y. & Zhang, N. Economic Geography (地理研究), 24(3): 407-411 (2004).

    [13] Meng, D. Areal Research and Development (地域研究与开发), 30(4): 6-10 (2011).

    [14] Feng, C. Progress in Geography (地理科学进展), 32(8): 1187-1194 (2013).

    [15] Jiang, H., Xu, J. & Qi, Y. Acta Geographica Sinica (地理学报), 65(10): 1287-1298 (2010).

    [16] Meng, D. & Lu, Y. Scientia Geographica Sinica (地理科学),31(5): 537-543 (2011).

    [17] Yin, P. Tourism Tribune (旅游学刊), 27(12): 47-53 (2012).

    [18] Lu, L. Acta Geographica Sinica (地理学报),68(4): 532-546 (2013).

    [19] Chen, T. & Li, K. Economic Research Guide(经济研究导刊), 26: 88-93 (2011).

    [20] Wu, C., Yang, H. & Song, M. Standard Science (标准科学), 3: 30-36 (2010).

    [21] Luo, S. Economic Geography (经济地理), 30(1): 80-85 (2010).

    [22] Wu, H., Chen, X. & Gu, C. Economic Geography(经济地理), 23(6): 766-771 (2003).

    [23] The 21 st Century Economic Report(世纪经济报道), ((2013-06-28).

    [24] http://www.chinacity.org.cn/csph/csph/51198.html, (2010-01-05).

    [25] Dongfang Daily (东方早报), (2012-06-29).

    [26] http://news.huaihai.tv/xuzhounews/2007/0111/2007-01-11749.html, (2013-06-15).

    [27]Mer Po Lwan,Alan T.Murray,Morton E.O’Kelly,Michael Tiefelsdorf.Recent advances in accessibility research:Representation,methodology and applications [J]. Journal of Geographical Systems, 2003(5): 129-138.

    [28] Li, P. & Lu, Y. Progress in Geography(地理科学进展), 24(3): 69-77 (2005).

    [29] Yang, J. & Zhou, Y. Geography and Territorial Research (地理学与国土研究), 15(2): 61-66 (1999).

    [30] Wu, W. & Cao, Y. Geographical Research (地理研究), 26(2): 391-402 (2007).

    [31] Xu, D. & Lu, Y. Economic Geography (经济地理), 24(6): 830-833 (2004).

    [32] Zhang, L. & Lu, Y. Regional Accessibility Evaluation Based on Land Transportation Network: a Case Study of the Yangtze River Delta [J]. Geographical Systems, 61(12): 1235-1246 (2006).

    [33] Qi, Y. doctoral thesis, Nanjing University, (2008).

    [34] Wang, D. Urban Planning Forum (城市规划学刊), (3): 3-10 (2003).

    [35] Zhang, J., Zou, J., Wu, Q. et al. City Planning Review (城市规划), 25(5): 19-231 (2001).

This Article

ISSN:1000-8462

CN: 43-1126/K

Vol 35, No. 02, Pages 54-61+53

February 2015

Downloads:0

Share
Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Overview of the research regions
  • 2 Measurement of regional accessibility
  • 3 Analysis of the results
  • 4 Conclusion and discussion
  • References