沁河冲洪积扇地下水水化学特征及成因分析

刘江涛1 蔡五田1 曹月婷1 蔡月梅1 边超1 吕永高1 陈远铭1

(1.中国地质调查局水文地质环境地质调查中心, 保定 071051)

【摘要】为研究河南省济源市沁河冲洪积扇地下水水化学特征及其成因, 2016年10月采集水样共计60组, 其中地下水水样51组, 地表水水样9组.运用数理统计、舒卡列夫分类、Piper三线图、Schoeller图、Gibbs图和离子比值等方法, 分析了研究区内地下水和地表水水化学类型分布特征, 讨论了地下水和表水水化学演化过程的主要控制因素.结果表明:①研究区地表水和地下水中主要阴阳离子为Ca2+、Mg2+、SO42-、HCO3-, 地表水和地下水的补给来源密切相关;②地下水水化学类型以HCO3-Ca型、HCO3-Ca·Mg型和HCO3·SO4-Ca·Mg型为主;地表水水化学类型以HCO3·SO4-Ca·Mg型为主;③地下水和地表水主要离子的形成主要受碳酸盐矿物风化溶解作用、离子交换作用和蒸发作用共同影响, 硫酸、碳酸参与了碳酸盐矿物的风化溶解过程.

【关键词】 沁河; 冲洪积扇; 水化学类型; Piper三线图; Gibbs图; 离子比值; 成因分析;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 中国地质调查项目 (DD20160310)

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This Article

ISSN:0250-3301

CN: 11-1895/X

Vol 39, No. 12, Pages 5428-5439

December 2018

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Article Outline

摘要

  • 1 研究区概况
  • 2 样品采集与测试
  • 3 结果与讨论
  • 4 结论
  • 参考文献