Small target detection in compressed domain for parallel compressive imaging system

WANG Min-min1,2,3 SUN Sheng-li1

(1.Key Laboratory of Infrared Detection and Imaging Technology CAS, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200083)
(2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China 200083)
(3.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing ,China 100049)

【Abstract】A small target detection algorithm working at a compressed domain was proposed for parallel compressive imaging systems to reduce the computational complexity by eliminating the process of image reconstruction. A mathematical model of the parallel compressive imaging system was used to capture measuring values of background and current frames. Then, the background measurements were updated according to a compressive sensing-mixture of Gaussians model (CS-MoG) to obtain the measurement values of the foreground. The cosine similarities between the measurements of current frame and the compressed target-location templates were calculated. And the local threshold and target area in the compressed domain were adopted to screen candidate targets. Finally, the effects of down-sampling rate, number of measurements, projection error and noise on the detection results were studied by simulation experiments. Experimental results show that large down-sampling rate and noise would decrease the detection performance, but the number of measurements to detection results has limited contribution. When 2 or 3 measurements are set, the operation time could be controlled while ensuring the detection performance. It suggests that the noise in the system should be controlled strictly because the noise affects the detection ability greatly. Furthermore, the proposed algorithm can achieve real-time target detection without any image reconstruction.

【Keywords】 small target detection; compressive sensing; background modeling; template matching; parallel compressive imaging system;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National High Technology Research and Development Program of China ( 863 Program ) (2015AA7015091) 2015 Innovation Project of the Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CX-63)

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This Article

ISSN:1004-924X

CN: 22-1198/TH

Vol 24, No. 10, Pages 2549-2556

October 2016

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Small target detection in compressed domain
  • 3 Simulation experiments
  • 4 Conclusions
  • References