Complexity of annual report and management self-interest: empirical evidence from Chinese listed firms
(2.School of Accounting, Shanghai Lixin University of Accounting and Finance)
(3.China Financial Futures Exchange)
【Abstract】We investigate the manager’s self-interest narrative disclosure strategy of annual reports. We find that compared with firms with good performance, firms with bad performance have more complicated annual reports. The negative relation is stronger among firms with high earnings management constraint, high management shareholding, CEO duality or low litigation risk. Moreover, the complexity of annual report is positively related to management abnormal compensation. Furthermore, compared with firms with good performance, the short-run and long-run market return to complexity is more positive for firms with bad performance. The above evidence is consistent with the conjecture that managers will manipulate the complexity of annual reports to hide adverse information to get more abnormal compensation and affect market valuation. The manipulation of annual report complexity has a substitution role to the manipulation of number information; and managers’ self-interest, internal and external governance will also affect the annual report complexity. For the first time through large sample analysis of Chinese annual report, we provide empirical evidences for the study in complexity of narrative information, validate the substitution effect between number and narrative information manipulation, and expand the study of opportunistic disclosure. Besides, findings of this paper have important implications for the construction of the financial narrative disclosure system.
【Keywords】 complexity of narrative information; disclosure strategy; manager’s self-interest; annual report;
. ① Before 2007, the value for “short-term financial investment” equals to the “short-term net investment” in the balance sheet. After 2007, its value is the sum of the “trading financial assets,” “net financial assets available for sale” and “held-to-maturity net investment” in the balance sheet. [^Back]
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