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移民网络对中国企业出口绩效的影响研究

蒙英华1 蔡宏波2 黄建忠1

(1.上海对外经贸大学)
(2.北京师范大学经济与工商管理学院)
【知识点链接】泛家庭

【摘要】本文使用企业微观贸易数据对移民网络影响中国企业出口绩效进行了评估。结果认为:(1)移民网络对中国企业出口起着促进作用,且主要通过促进国内更多的企业从事出口发挥作用(扩展边际),对集约边际的影响并不显著;(2)移民网络有助于提高中国企业的出口概率与出口强度;(3)移民网络对加工贸易型及非加工贸易型企业的出口概率都存在正面影响,而对加工贸易型企业的出口概率影响更大;(4)港澳台商控股企业与外商控股企业更有优势利用移民网络促进企业出口;(5)移民网络提升中国东部地区企业的出口概率最为明显,但对中、西部地区企业出口的作用要受到企业生产率水平的影响;(6)信息与通讯技术会进一步提升移民网络对中国企业出口概率的促进作用。

【关键词】 移民网络;出口概率;出口强度;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社科基金重大项目(15ZDA058); 教育部哲学社会科学重大课题攻关项目(13JZD010); 国家自然科学基金青年项目(71403024); 教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(14YJA790001); 2014年度上海市教育委员会科研创新项目(14YS135); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“城镇化与服务业集聚:新经济地理学的视角”的资助;

A study on the impacts of immigration network on the export performance of Chinese enterprises

MENG Yinghua 1 CAI Hongbo2 HUANG Jianzhong 1

(1.Shanghai University of International Business and Economics)
(2.Business School, Beijing Normal University)
【Knowledge Link】extended family

【Abstract】This paper assesses the impacts of immigration network on the export performance of Chinese enterprises via their micro trade data. Findings are as follows. (1) Immigration network plays a positive role in exports of Chinese enterprises. Moreover, it plays a role (mainly in extensive margin) by stimulating more enterprises to work on exporting, but exerts rather insignificant impacts on intensive margin. (2) Immigration network is conducive to improving the export probability and export intensity of Chinese enterprises. (3) Immigration network exerts positive influences upon the export probability of enterprises engaged in both processing trade and non-processing trade, but produces more influences upon enterprises working on processing trade. (4) Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan-owned enterprises and foreign-owned enterprises have more advantages to promote exports by virtue of immigration network. (5) Immigration network plays a most appreciable role in raising the export probability of enterprises in eastern China, but its role in promoting the export probability of enterprises in central and western China is subject to influences of enterprise productivity. (6) Information and communication technologies will further increase the positive impacts of immigration network on the export probability of Chinese enterprises.

【Keywords】 immigration network ; export probability; export intensity;

【DOI】

【Funds】 National Social Science Foundation (15ZDA058); Philosophy and Social Sciences Research of Ministry of Education (13JZD010); National Natural Science Foundation (71403024); Humanities and Social Sciences Research Planning Foundation of Ministry of Education (14YJA790001); Shanghai Education Committee Scientific Research Innovation Project (14YS135); Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities;

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    Footnote

    [1]. ① Eaton J. and Kortum S. (2002) asserted that if there had been no geographical trade barriers in international trade, the world trade would have increased by five times. [^Back]

    [2]. ② There is a uniform price in market transactions, whereas if transactions are done though networks, the price will be subject to influences of the relationship between buyers and sellers and there is no uniform price. Besides, generally speaking, homogenous products with a uniform price, are traded through markets, whereas differentiated products with different prices, are traded through networks. [^Back]

    [3]. ③ Five Relationships: blood relationship, region relationship, God relationship, trade relationship and product relationship; some propose to take the education relationship as one of the bases for social relations to come into being. [^Back]

    [4]. Forbes, 138–144 (1994–7–18). [^Back]

    [5]. ⑤ John Naisbitt (1996), Fang Shengchun (1997), Liu Hong (2003), Liu Quan and Dong Yinghua (2003), Liao Xiaojian (2003). [^Back]

    [6]. ⑥ When the number of immigrants to country C is 0, since 0 has no logarithm, we obtain its logarithm by turning 0 into 0.00001. It has been verified in this paper that omitting countries with no immigrants will not change regression results. [^Back]

    [7]. ⑦ In addition to Hong Kong, Singapore also plays a similar intermediary role. However, in the light of the development of such economies as Brazil, India and former Soviet Union, it is difficult for them to enjoy the similar “intermediary” acceleration, exactly because they lack a region like Hong Kong, which maintains intimate contacts with developed economies. [^Back]

    [8]. ⑧ World Chinese Businessmen Website (http://www.wcbn.com.sg) run by the Singaporean government is a representative. Besides, Chinese businessmen also proceed with commercial information communication via such channels as various Chinese websites, BBS and blogs, which are new modes of communication among Chinese businessmen (also known as “network relationship”). [^Back]

    [9]. ⑨ For the convenience of explanation, the cross term here is not ln_ict × ln_oveas_2000, but (ln_ict − X) × (ln_overseas_2000 − Y). X and Y represent the average ICT application level and average immigration network respectively. Put it in another way, we first deduct averages from these variables and use the product of these new variables as cross-term. Undoubtedly, we have performed tests to the original cross term. Even though estimation coefficients of the number of Chinese immigrants and the level of information technology are negative, estimation coefficient of the cross-term of the number of Chinese immigrants and the level of information technology is positive, and they still exert positive impacts on an enterprise’s export probability. Due to limited space, regression results will not be listed here, and whoever interested can ask the authors for the regression results. [^Back]

    [10]. ⑩ Regression results by the two-step method are consistent with these results. Table (9) only lists regression results of using labor productivity to measure enterprise efficiency. We have also tried to use the number of employees to measure enterprise efficiency, and regression results remain unchanged. [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1002-5502

CN:11-1235/F

Vol , No. 10, Pages 54-64

October 2015

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Article Outline

Knowledge

Abstract

  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Literature review
  • 3 Heterogeneous trade and information network: theoretical model
  • 4 Data specification
  • 5 Immigration network and China’s export trade: extensive margin and intensive margin
  • 6 Immigration network and China’s export trade: data analysis at the enterprise level
  • 7 Conclusion
  • Footnote

    References