Science and technology standard regulation and export dynamics of enterprises: a natural experiment based on cleaner production standards
【Abstract】Upgrading the technology level is the key for export enterprises to cope with green barriers and maintain competitiveness. This paper used cleaner production standard and the natural experiment method to verify the impact of science and technology standard regulation on the export of enterprises, and tried to clarify whether the promotion of technology standard affected the international competitiveness of enterprises. This paper took China Industry Business Performance Data as a sample to verify this problem. The results show that after the implementation of science and technology standards, the export of regulated enterprises has declined, and passed the robustness test, indicating that the science and technology standard regulation has restrained the exports of enterprises in the short term. Further mechanism analysis shows that the standard regulation of science and technology improves the cost of enterprises by the compliance cost effect and restrains the exports of enterprises; and improves the productivity of enterprises by the innovation offsets effect, thereby improving the exports of enterprises. In the short term, the innovation offsets effect does not play a leading role. This conclusion has certain practical significance. Strict technical standards are beneficial for enterprises to maintain their international competitiveness by improving their technical level, and the core lies in how to give full play to the innovation offsets effect.
【Keywords】 science and technology standard regulation; corporate export; natural experiment method; innovation offsets;
(Translated by DUAN yinhong)
. ① The pollution haven hypothesis refers to the fact that the decline in trade barriers will promote the transfer of pollution-intensive industries from countries with strict environmental regulations to countries with weaker environmental regulations. The pollution haven effect refers to the impact of increasing environmental regulations on international trade flows. [^Back]
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