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外交出访会影响一国的出口贸易吗

赵永亮1 唐丹丹1 魏瑶瑶1

(1.暨南大学经济学院)

【摘要】本文借助扩展的贸易引力模型,选取2010—2017年中国和100个贸易伙伴的数据,实证检验了中国和贸易伙伴之间国家首脑、政府外长出访对贸易伙伴向中国出口的影响。研究结果表明:国家首脑、政府外长出访对出口具有溢出效应;国家首脑出访、双边互访、单边主动出访、双边访问依次比政府外长出访、单边访问、单边来访、多边访问对外贸有着更为显著的促进作用;国家首脑、政府外长出访对贸易的影响具有国家异质性。本文的研究为理解国家之间外交和贸易的关系提供了证据,为各国通过外交沟通营造和谐的国际贸易环境提供了理论支持。

【关键词】 国家首脑出访;外交;出口;贸易伙伴;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“珠三角集群及大湾区建设背景下企业邻居效应研究”(19JNKY03); 广东省普通高校人文社会科学重点研究基地创新培育项目“外向型企业转型升级研究”(12JHQ026);

Does the diplomatic visiting affect a country’s export trade?

ZHAO Yongliang1 TANG Dandan1 WEI Yaoyao1

(1.College of Economics, Jinan University)

【Abstract】Based on the extended trade gravity model, this paper analyzed data from China’ s visiting history with 100 trading partner countries from 2010 to 2017, and empirically assessed the impact of this on the export of trading partners to China. The results of the paper showed that the visit of heads of state has a spillover effect on exports. Moreover, four comparisons can be made: visits of high-level heads of state have more spillover effect on exports than visits of lower level heads of state; bilateral exchange visits have more effect than unilateral access visits; unilateral active visits also have more effect than unilateral reception visit; and finally, bilateral visits have more effect than multilateral visits. Additionally, it was found that the impact of visits of the heads of state on trade has a national heterogeneity. The above results have passed various robustness tests. This paper provides evidence for understanding the relationship between diplomacy and trade between countries, and provides theoretical support for the importance of countries in creating a harmonious international trade environment through diplomatic communication.

【Keywords】 visit of heads of state; diplomacy; export; trading partners;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (19JNKY03); Innovation Cultivation Project of Key Research Base for Humanities and Social Sciences of Guangdong Universities (12JHQ026);

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    Footnote

    [1]. ① http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/web/wjdt_674879/wsrc_674883/ [^Back]

    [2]. ② http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicator [^Back]

    [3]. ③ http://www.cepii.fr/CEPII/en/bdd_modele/bdd.asp [^Back]

    [4]. ① The results of the empirical tests are not listed due to space limit and are available upon request. [^Back]

    [5]. ② The results of the empirical tests are not listed due to space limit and are available upon request. [^Back]

    [6]. ③ The results of the empirical tests are not listed due to space limit and are available upon request. [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1002-4670

CN: 11-1692/F

Vol , No. 09, Pages 54-68

September 2019

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • Introduction
  • 1 Literature review
  • 2 Theoretical mechanism and theoretical model
  • 3 Measurement model design, index selection and data sources
  • 4 Empirical test
  • 5 Conclusion and suggestion
  • Footnote

    References