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肯定列表制度对中国出口农产品质量的影响——基于微观数据视角

陈容1 许和连2

(1.湖南农业大学经济学院)
(2.湖南大学经济与贸易学院)

【摘要】本文基于2000—2013年中国海关贸易数据库数据, 采用产品层面回归反推方法对中国出口农产品质量进行了测算, 并从贸易方式、所有制方面分析中国出口农产品贸易的质量结构特点, 进一步构建双重差分模型分析日本肯定列表制度的实施对中国出口农产品质量的影响。研究结果表明:中国出口农产品质量在2000—2013年总体呈上升趋势, 2007—2012年呈现出明显的“U”型变化;中国出口农产品质量呈上升趋势这一结论对于不同贸易方式、不同所有制都基本成立;日本肯定列表制度的实施对中国出口到日本的农产品质量产生了明显的正向影响。

【关键词】 肯定列表制度;出口;农产品;质量;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金重大项目“‘一带一路’相关国家贸易竞争与互补关系研究” (16ZDA038) ;

Effect of the positive list system on the quality of China’s agricultural exports: a micro-level data analysis

CHEN Rong1 XU Helian2

(1.Economic College, Hunan Agricultural University)
(2.School of Economics and Trade, Hunan University)

【Abstract】The effect of the positive list system on China’s agricultural products is a major issue for both policy makers and the academic circle. Based on data from China’s customs trade database from 2000 to 2013, this paper adopts the product-level regression method to estimate the quality of China’s agricultural products. It then analyzes the quality structure characteristics of China’s agricultural exports from the aspects of trade and ownership. Finally, it analyzes the effect of the positive list system on China’s agricultural exports based on a difference-in-differences model. The findings are as follows: (1) the quality of China’s agricultural exports rose from 2000 to 2013, with a significant U-shaped change from 2007 to 2012; (2) the conclusion that the quality of China’s agricultural exports improved is tenable for different means of trading and different forms of ownership; (3) the effect of the positive list system on China’s agricultural exports is significant both statistically and economically.

【Keywords】 positive list system; exports; agricultural products; quality;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Major Project of the National Social Science Fund of China (16ZDA038);

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This Article

ISSN:1002-4670

CN: 11-1692/F

Vol , No. 05, Pages 68-77

May 2018

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • Introduction
  • 1 Literature review
  • 2 Model and data
  • 3 Calculation results and analysis about the quality of agricultural exports
  • 4 Empirical analysis
  • 5 Conclusion and policy implications
  • References