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贸易便利化对中国农产品出口深度和广度的影响——以“丝绸之路经济带”沿线国家为例

朱晶1,2,3 毕颖3

(1.南京农业大学中国粮食安全研究中心)
(2.南京农业大学江苏省粮食安全研究中心)
(3.南京农业大学经济管理学院)

【摘要】本文从出口深度和出口广度的维度,使用2008—2015年中国农产品出口到“丝绸之路经济带”沿线48个贸易对象国的面板数据,基于中国对沿线国家农产品出口现状以及沿线国家贸易便利化发展情况的分析,运用扩展的引力模型分别实证分析了沿线国家贸易便利化水平对中国农产品出口深度和广度的影响。结果表明:沿线国家贸易便利化水平每提升1%,中国农产品的出口深度将增加1.111%,农产品的出口广度将增加0.431%;如果“丝绸之路经济带”沿线国家的贸易便利化水平得到提升,不仅可以增加中国农产品出口的贸易额、扩大中国农产品的市场份额,还能改善中国农产品的出口结构、提高中国农产品出口的多样化水平。

【关键词】 贸易便利化;出口深度;出口广度;“丝绸之路经济带”;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 国家社会科学基金重大项目“完善国家粮食安全保障体系”(14ZDA038); 国家自然科学基金项目“劳动成本与资源约束背景下中国农业生产结构变迁与产品比较优势动态研究”(71673142); 江苏省优势学科的支持;

Influence of trade facilitation on depth and breadth of China’s agricultural product export: in the context of the Silk Road Economic Belt

ZHU Jing1,2,3 BI Ying3

(1.China Food Safety Research Center of Nanjing Agricultural University)
(2.Jiangsu Provincial Food Safety Research Center of Nanjing Agricultural University)
(3.Economics and Management School of Nanjing Agricultural University)

【Abstract】From the perspective of export depth and export breadth, this paper uses the panel data of Chinese agricultural products exporting to 48 countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt from 2008 to 2015, and based on an analysis of the status of China’s agricultural products exporting to these countries and the measurement of trade facilitation level of these countries, this paper employs the extended trade gravity model to analyze the influence of trade facilitation level of these countries on China’s agricultural products export depth and breadth. We found that China’s agricultural products export depth and breadth will increase by1.111% and 0.431% respectively for every 1% increase in the level of trade facilitation of these countries. These results imply that if the trade facilitation level of these countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt can be improved, it can not only increase the export value and market share of China’s agricultural products, but also improve the export structure and diversification of China’s agricultural products export.

【Keywords】 trade facilitation; export depth; export breadth; the Silk Road Economic Belt;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Major Project of National Social Science Fund (14ZDA038); Project of National Natural Science Foundation (71673142); Supported by Jiangsu Priority Academic Program Development ;

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    Footnote

    [1]. ① In this paper, the scope of the Silk Road Economic Belt is defined as a reference to Hu Angang (2014) division standards. Deleting countries with missing data, the remaining 48 countries are: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan in the Central Asian Economic Belt. Russia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Turkey in the Central-Asia Economic Belt, 28 countries in the Eurasian Economic Belt and Ukraine, and Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco in North Africa. [^Back]

    [2]. ① This article adopts the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) to classify agricultural products into four categories: the first category (0 category) is food and live animals, the second category (1 category) is beverages and tobacco, and the third category (2 category) are non-fuel materials (excluding Chapter 27 and 28), and the fourth category (4 category) are animal and vegetable oils, greases and waxes [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1002-4670

CN: 11-1692/F

Vol , No. 04, Pages 60-71

April 2018

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • Introduction
  • 1 China’s status quo of agricultural products export to countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt
  • 2 Measurement of trade facilitation in countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt
  • 3 Model setting, variable description, and data sources
  • 4 Regression results of trade facilitation on export Depth and Breadth
  • 5 Conclusion and policy recommendation
  • Footnote

    References