Influence of trade facilitation on depth and breadth of China’s agricultural product export: in the context of the Silk Road Economic Belt

ZHU Jing1,2,3 BI Ying3

(1.China Food Safety Research Center of Nanjing Agricultural University)
(2.Jiangsu Provincial Food Safety Research Center of Nanjing Agricultural University)
(3.Economics and Management School of Nanjing Agricultural University)

【Abstract】From the perspective of export depth and export breadth, this paper uses the panel data of Chinese agricultural products exporting to 48 countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt from 2008 to 2015, and based on an analysis of the status of China’s agricultural products exporting to these countries and the measurement of trade facilitation level of these countries, this paper employs the extended trade gravity model to analyze the influence of trade facilitation level of these countries on China’s agricultural products export depth and breadth. We found that China’s agricultural products export depth and breadth will increase by1.111% and 0.431% respectively for every 1% increase in the level of trade facilitation of these countries. These results imply that if the trade facilitation level of these countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt can be improved, it can not only increase the export value and market share of China’s agricultural products, but also improve the export structure and diversification of China’s agricultural products export.

【Keywords】 trade facilitation; export depth; export breadth; the Silk Road Economic Belt;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Major Project of National Social Science Fund (14ZDA038) Project of National Natural Science Foundation (71673142) Supported by Jiangsu Priority Academic Program Development

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(Translated by CAI Wenxia)

    Footnote

    [1]. ① In this paper, the scope of the Silk Road Economic Belt is defined as a reference to Hu Angang (2014) division standards. Deleting countries with missing data, the remaining 48 countries are: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan in the Central Asian Economic Belt. Russia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Jordan and Turkey in the Central-Asia Economic Belt, 28 countries in the Eurasian Economic Belt and Ukraine, and Egypt, Tunisia and Morocco in North Africa. [^Back]

    [2]. ① This article adopts the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) to classify agricultural products into four categories: the first category (0 category) is food and live animals, the second category (1 category) is beverages and tobacco, and the third category (2 category) are non-fuel materials (excluding Chapter 27 and 28), and the fourth category (4 category) are animal and vegetable oils, greases and waxes [^Back]

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This Article

ISSN:1002-4670

CN: 11-1692/F

Vol , No. 04, Pages 60-71

April 2018

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • Introduction
  • 1 China’s status quo of agricultural products export to countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt
  • 2 Measurement of trade facilitation in countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt
  • 3 Model setting, variable description, and data sources
  • 4 Regression results of trade facilitation on export Depth and Breadth
  • 5 Conclusion and policy recommendation
  • Footnote

    References