The “productivity effect” embedded with global value chain: an empirical analysis based on micro-level data of Chinese companies
(2.School of Economics, Henan University of Economics and Law)
【Abstract】On the basis of analyzing productivity effect embeddedness with global value chain, this article uses 2000–2006 trade data of China Import Export Trade Data and China Industrial Enterprise Database to analyze how global value chains affect total factor productivity (TFP), calculates the domestic value–added ratios with which the degree of the companies’ participation in the global value chains can be measured, and tests the effects of global value chains on TFP. The results show that embeddedness with global value chain improves a company’s TFP to a significant degree. In addition, a study of heterogeneous characteristics such as the type of ownership, capital intensity, trade mode, and product variety shows that the effect is the greatest in state–owned enterprises, followed by foreign– owned companies and lastly private companies. The effect of global value chain embeddedness on TFP is higher in highly–capital–intensive companies than low–capital–intensive companies. General trade companies and greater product variety are more conducive to a higher company TFP in global value chain.
【Keywords】 global value chain; total factor productivity; domestic value added ratio (DVAR);
(Translated by GU Wei)
. ① PA represents the trades processing with supplied materials, PI presents the trades processing with imported materials, and OT presents the general trades. [^Back]
. ②This paper classifies company ownership according to the registration type. Companies registered as “state–owned, state joint, state and collective joint, solely state–owned” are labeled as state–owned companies, and so do companies with over 50% state–owned capital; companies with foreign paid–in capital of over 25% are defined as foreign–owned companies; and other companies are classified as private companies. [^Back]
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