Service trade, FDI in service industry and wage level in China’s service industry: an empirical analysis based on industrial panel data
(2.Economy Department, Liaoning University)
【Abstract】Using the industrial panel data, from three dimensions including the whole services, different industrial technical standards and business registration types, this paper analyzes the impacts of service globalization factors, such as service trade and foreign direct investment, on the service wages and its mechanism in China. The study finds that the impacts of importing and exporting in services on the wage level is on the whole significantly positive, while that of the foreign direct investment (FDI) on the whole is significantly negative. The overall impacts, direct impacts and indirect impacts of service trade and foreign direct investment in services on wage levels of China’s service industry have the heterogeneity of enterprises and industries. The extent of the overall impacts of service trade and foreign direct investment in services on wage levels and whether the impacts are positive and negative are determined by the interaction between the direct and indirect impacts.
【Keywords】 services import; services export; FDI in service industry; wage level in service industry;
(Translated by WANG Ran)
. ① The five medium-high-tech industries cover information transmission, computer service and software industry, finance, scientific research, technology service and the geological investigation industry, the entertainment business and the rental and business service industry; the five medium-low-tech industries cover transportation, storage and postal business, accommodation and catering business, the real estate, public management and social organization service, the rental and business service industry. [^Back]
. ② Data sources and processing in this paper refer to Zhang (2014). [^Back]
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