Evolution of world's high–end manufacturing trade pattern against background of TPP: a study based on community analysis of complex networks
【Abstract】This paper conducts a comparative analysis of the high–end manufacturing exports of China and the U.S. in the Asia–Pacific region under the background of TPP, constructs a world trade network of the high–end manufacturing from 1992 to 2013, and studies the division and evolution of the network through Blondel algorithm. The study showed that the proportion of the high–end manufacturing exports of the U.S. to the Asian–Pacific economies increased significantly since the US joined the TPP in 2009 while that of China has declined. The evolution of the world's trade community network of high–end manufacturing experienced three stages, which were “dominance of the developed countries,” “rise of the Asia–Pacific region”and “post-financial crisis.' In 2009, the former Europe–Africa and Asia–Europe communities split into three communities: Europe–Africa, Asia–Europe and TPP communities. The rapid rise of the TPP community and the joining of the United States attracted the East Asian economies to join in, but China was excluded. With the TPP platform and “reindustrialization,” “double export”and other measures, the United States has seized the initiative, which made China face the challenge of being marginalized in the high–end manufacturing network in the Asia–Pacific region.
【Keywords】 TPP; high-end manufacturing; complex network; community analysis;
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