From Obama to Trump: the trend of the US Southeast Asian policy

CHEN Yiping1

(1.School of International Studies & Academy of Overseas Chinese Studies, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China)
【Knowledge Link】Cable News Network (CNN)

【Abstract】The paper analyzes the US Southeast Asia Policy under the Trump administration, including the legacies it inherited, especially those from the Obama administration, and predicts the future development. The author argues: (1) the evolution of US Southeast Asia policy has the characteristics of “20-years period” since the World War II; (2) the US Southeast Asia policy is the highlight of Obama administration, which also is the important legacy of the Trump administration; (3) the Trump administration will continue the security policies of former government, pays less attention to the political issues such as human rights, rather than takes more active and strong measures in the trade relations with ASEAN countries; and (4) we should take a closer look at the trend of the fourth “20-years period,” that is whether the Trump administration will strengthen the coalition with Southeast Asian allies against China just like that it against the Soviet Union by Reagan administration in the 1980s.

【Keywords】 the United States; Obama; Trump; Southeast Asian policy; Sino-US relations;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Key Project of National Social Science Fund (16AZZ016)

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(Translated by ZUO Weidong)

    Footnote

    [1]. ① For the historical stages of the relationship between Southeast Asian countries and the US, different scholars have different divisions. See Dependence and Resistance: ASEAN Countries’ Strategies towards the US in the post-Cold War (依赖与抗争: 冷战后东盟国家对美国战略研究). Beijing: World Knowledge Publishing House, (2006). [^Back]

    [2]. ② Zhao, X. The Great Changes: Postwar American Policy towards East Asia (巨大的转变: 战后美国对东亚的政策). Tianjin: People’s Publishing House, 47 (2002). [^Back]

    [3]. ③ Zhang, X. Southeast Asian Government and Politics (东南亚政府与政治), Taipei: Yang Zhi Culture Company, 403 (1999). [^Back]

    [4]. ④ Zhao, C. Southeast Asian Nations Alliance—The Establishment, Development and Relations with Major Powers (东南亚国家联盟—成立发展同主要大国的关系). Beijing: China Materials Publishing House, 147–148 (1994). [^Back]

    [5]. ⑤ Chen, Y. Dependence and Resistance: ASEAN Countries’ Strategies towards the US in the post-Cold War (依赖与抗争: 冷战后东盟国家对美国战略研究), Beijing: World Knowledge Publishing House, 52 (2006). [^Back]

    [6]. ⑥ Yang, S. (ed.) History of American Foreign Policies: 1775–1989 (美国外交政策史: 1775–1989). Beijing: People’s Publishing House, 555–556 (1991). [^Back]

    [7]. ① Robert J. McMahon, The Limits of Empire: The US and Southeast Asia Since World War II. New York: Columbia University Press, 189 (1999). [^Back]

    [8]. ② Chen, Y. Dependence and Resistance: ASEAN Countries’ Strategies towards the US in the post-Cold War (依赖与抗争: 冷战后东盟国家对美国战略研究). Beijing: World Knowledge Publishing House, 32–34 (2006). [^Back]

    [9]. ③ Zhao, C. Association of Southeast Asian Nations: The Establishment, Development and Relations with Major Powers (东南亚国家联盟: 成立发展同主要大国的关系). Beijing: China Materials Publishing House, 152 (1994). [^Back]

    [10]. ④ James A. Baker III, America in Asia: Emerging Architecture for a Pacific Community, Foreign Affairs, Vol.70, No.5, 1991, p.5. [^Back]

    [11]. ⑤ Cao, Y. Regional Cooperation in Southeast Asia (东南亚区域合作), Guangzhou: South China University of Technology Press, 131 (1995). [^Back]

    [12]. ① Chen, Y. Dependence and Resistance: ASEAN Countries’ Strategies towards the US in the post-Cold War (依赖与抗争: 冷战后东盟国家对美国战略研究). Beijing: World Knowledge Publishing House, 123–125 (2006). [^Back]

    [13]. ②Jeffrey A. Bader “Obama’s China and Asia Policy: A Solid Double”, (2016-12-01). https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2016/08/29/obamas-china-and-asia-policy-a-solid-double [^Back]

    [14]. ① See Chapter 5, Dependence and Resistance: ASEAN Countries’ Strategies towards the US in the post-Cold War (依赖与抗争: 冷战后东盟国家对美国战略研究), and Journal of Jinan University (暨南大学学报), (3) (2007). [^Back]

    [15]. ② Song, Q. The Military Relations between the U.S. and Southeast Asia Countries in the Context of the U.S. Strategic Rebalance to the Asia-Pacific: 2009-2014 (“亚太再平衡”战略背景下的美国与东南亚国家军事关系: 2009–2014). Beijing: Social Science Literature Publishing House, 235–236 (2015). [^Back]

    [16]. People’s Daily Overseas Edition (人民日报海外版), (2010-10-27). [^Back]

    [17]. ① Ma, L. http://www.guancha.cn/america/2016_05_04_359027.shtml [^Back]

    [18]. ② “President Obama: The TPP would let America, not China, lead the way on global trade, https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/president-obama-the-tpp-would-let-america-not-china-lead-the-way-on-global-trade/2016/05/02/680540e4-0fd0-11e6-93ae-50921721165d_story.html?utm_term=.8c13dec75925. [^Back]

    [19]. ③ Chen, Y. Southeast Asian Studies (东南亚研究), (5) (2009). [^Back]

    [20]. ① Wang, H. & Zheng, Y. http://opinion.huanqiu.com/1152/2016-05/8990888.html [^Back]

    [21]. ② Zheng, Y. http://www.zaobao.com/forum/views/opinion/story20160712-640268 [^Back]

    [22]. ③ Zheng, Y. http://www.zaobao.com/forum/views/opinion/story20160712-640268 [^Back]

    [23]. ①Tal Kopan. Trump Transition Memo: Trade Reform begins Day 1 http://edition.cnn.com/2016/11/15/politics/donald-trump-trade-memo-transition/index.html?eref=rss_topstories, (2016-12-06). [^Back]

    [24]. ① Shi, Y. Southeast Asian Studies (东南亚研究), (5) (2016). [^Back]

    [25]. ② See Dependence and Resistance: ASEAN Countries’ Strategies towards the US in the post-Cold War (Chapter 5)(依赖与抗争: 冷战后东盟国家对美国战略研究)(第五章). [^Back]

This Article

ISSN:1008-6099

CN: 44-1124/D

Vol , No. 01, Pages 106-114+149

January 2017

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Article Outline

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Abstract

  • 1 The evolution logic of the US Southeast Asian policy since World War II
  • 2 The Obama administration’s Southeast Asia policy
  • 3 The outlook on Trump administration’s Southeast Asia policy
  • Conclusion
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