‍Changing bilateral trade between China and countries along the Maritime Silk Road: 1992–2014

YE Liugang1

(1.Lingnan College, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China 510275)

【Abstract】This paper intends to use the trade intensity index, intra-industry trade (IIT) index, export similarity index (ESI) and revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index to study the trade structure, the trade relation closeness, IIT evolution and trade competition among China and the countries along the 21st Maritime Silk Road. The study found that the export structure has been upgraded, the level of trade intensity has changed, and IIT increased initially then decreased between 1992 and 2014. Since 2013 trade competitions have been enhanced and were found in 7 industries out of 66.

【Keywords】 Maritime Silk Road; intra-industry trade (IIT); export similarity; trade competition;


【Funds】 Youth Innovation Talent Project for Guangdong Colleges and Universities (2015WQNCX050) The trade potential and trade promotion research of scientific research project of “Innovation and Strong School Programme” of Guangdong Maritime University (GDOU2015050252)

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(Translated by ZHANG Liping)


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This Article


CN: 44-1124/D

Vol , No. 04, Pages 70-79

July 2016


Article Outline



  • Preface
  • 1 Trade development between China and the countries along the Maritime Silk Road
  • 2 Trade closeness between China and countries along the route
  • 3 IIT between China and the countries along the route
  • 4 Do China and the countries along the Route compete with each other?
  • Conclusion
  • Footnote