National solidarity under conditions of globalization: the theoretical basis of Xi Jinping’s governance of China

MARTIN Albrow1 XU Jia2,3 MA Lei4

(1.British Academy of Social Sciences, UK)
(2.Northeast Asian Studies College, Jilin University)
(3.School of International Relations, Nanjing University)
(4.Section for Cultural Affairs of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)
【Knowledge Link】The Book of Rites

【Abstract】Globalization provokes populism and polarization, posing risks to the stability of national societies. A mainstream in classical sociology based social integration on core values. Xi Jinping advocates core socialist values for China: prosperity, democracy, civility, harmony, freedom, equality, justice, rule of law, patriotism, dedication, integrity, and friendship. Emile Durkheim’s theory of state-society oscillates between the organic solidarity generated by the division of Labor and universal values. Talcott’s answer to this dilemma was to require that a society’s core values be underpinned by a central power, but the US fails to meet this requirement. In Xi’s account, power is central but should be caged by the system. By combining Western, Marxist and non-Marxist theories with its unique political system, China has become the most united and powerful nation-state in the history of the world

【Keywords】 globalization; populism; core values; power; solidarity;


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    [2] Xi Jinping. “Strong Ethical Support for the Realization of the Chinese Dream” in The Governance of China. 2014, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, pp. 176–177, 429, 70.

    [3] Xi. Improve the Governance Capability Through the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics. 2014, Foreign Languages Press, Beijing, pp. 116–119.

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    [6] Talcott Parsons. Structure and Process in Modern Societies. 1960, Free Press, Glencoe, Ill., p. 174, 41, 227–247, 244, 243, 246.

    [7] Talcott Parsons. Essays in Sociological Theory, 1954. Free Press, Glencoe, Ill., p. 418, 431.

    [8] Talcott Parsons. “The Distribution of Power in American Society” in Structure and Process in Modern Societies. 1960, pp. 220–225.

    [9] Xi Jinping. Speech to the 5th Plenary Session of the 18thCPC Central Committee. 18. 1. 16, 2017, Governance of China II, p. 233, 34, 235, 236, 238.

This Article


CN: 22-1180/C

Vol 28, No. 03, Pages 3-9+127

May 2019


Article Outline



  • 1 Introduction
  • 2 Social studies in the history
  • 3 Socialism with Chinese characteristics
  • 4 Values of Xi Jinping’s governance of China
  • 5 Core ideas of Xi Jinping’s governance of China
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References