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特朗普政权与美国亚太再平衡战略

张玉国1

(1.吉林大学东北亚研究院)

【摘要】特朗普政权将如何改变美国的亚太再平衡战略,已成为检验美国大战略的试金石。从“特朗普现象”来看,美国孤立主义倾向表明美国对霸权思维方式的变化,但并不意味着美国的“战略收缩”;从“特朗普冲击”来看,美国对亚太政策的思维范式、战略优先度的考量以及秩序塑造方式等,都有新认识和新变化。这些客观上决定了特朗普政权将对美国亚太再平衡战略予以转变与重塑。总体上看,特朗普政权的亚太战略的调整,不只是一个简单的亚太治理方式、方法的变革问题,而是一个关乎美国霸权逻辑和战略理念转变或转向的问题。

【关键词】 特朗普政权;特朗普现象;特朗普冲击;亚太再平衡战略;特朗普主义;战略规制;选择性干预;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(16JJDGJW006); 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目(14JJD810014); 国家社科基金项目(14BGJ005);

Trump regime and the American Asia-Pacific rebalancing strategy

ZHANG Yuguo1

(1.Northeast Asian Studies College of Jilin University)

【Abstract】How Trump regime will change America’s Asia-Pacific rebalancing strategy has become the touchstone of American grand strategy. From the “Trump phenomenon,” the American isolationist trend indicates that America’s hegemonic thinking is changing. However, changes do not mean America’s strategic contraction. From the “Trump shock,” some new understanding and changes can be illustrated from the thinking pattern, consideration of strategic priority and approach of regional order in America’s Asia-Pacific policy. These new understanding and changes objectively determine that Trump will shift and remodel the Asia-Pacific rebalancing strategy. Overall, Trump regime’s adjustment is not just a simple revolution of the management pattern of Asia-Pacific area, but also a transition or diversion of America’s hegemonic logic and strategic conception.

【Keywords】 Trump regime; Trump phenomenon; Trump shock; Asia-Pacific rebalancing strategy; Trumpism; Strategic regulation; selective intervention;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Supported by Key Project of Humanities and Social Science Key Research Base of Ministry of Education (16JJDGJW006); Key Project of Humanities and Social Science Key Research Base of Ministry of Education (14JJD810014); National Social Science Foundation (14BGJ005);

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This Article

ISSN:1003-7411

CN: 22-1180/C

Vol 26, No. 02, Pages 13-24+127

March 2017

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 “Trump phenomenon”: return and revival of American isolationism
  • 2“Trump shock” and transition of US Asia-Pacific policy
  • 3 Asia-Pacific rebalancing strategy and Trump regime’s choice
  • References