‍September 18 Incident: Japan ignited the first war of the Second World War

Viacheslav Zimonin1,2,3 ZHU Xianping4 SHEN Hao5 XU Jinqiu6

(1.Russian Defense University, Russia)
(2.Academy of Natural Sciences)
(3.Russian World War Ⅱ History Association, Russia)
(4.Sino-Russian Regional Cooperation Research Center of Jilin University)
(5.Jilin University)
(6.Institute of Northeast Asian Studies of Jilin University)

【Abstract】“Tanaka Memorial” reveals the “road map” of the Second World War launched by Japan. Japan ignited the first war of the Second World War in China. Japan's expansion strategy has deep historical roots, and Japan is still trying to show its expansion from time to time. Prior to Germany and Italy, Japan was the first to carry out the plan to dominate the world of war aggression. The occupation of Northeast China was Japan's expansion of colonial territory in the process of a very important action. The “appeasement policy” of the United States, Britain, and France contributed to Japan's ambitions to achieve its global expansion strategy. The lessons of history should be emphasized. Japan that is under re-arming and proposing territorial claims to neighboring countries is worthy of attention.

【Keywords】 Tanaka Memorial; Start of World War II; September 18 Incident; Japan's War of Aggression against China;


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    [1]. ① For example, a Japanese scholar makes the conclusion based on his analysis on Tanka Memorial in the article published in Russian magazine Historical Issue (Vol. 3, 2010). However, I do not know why the data of Memorial he has cited is October 1929. Yet the document has already been published in Chinese magazine China Weekly early in September 1927. Famous researcher of Japanese studies and doctor of history K.E. Cherevko is familiar with Japanese official documents. He lists a series of publicly published and forged versions related to the document and admits that “the document is an important landmark in Japanese social and political life and economic and military course, which intensifies Japanese expansion ambition in the foreign policy.”(см.:ЧеревкоК.Е.,КириченкоА.А.Советско-японскаявойна(9августа-2сентября1945г.С.13-15.) [^Back]

    [2]. ② For example, the authoritative researcher of Japanese studies, professor Makin takes specific identification of the copy (obtained by the intelligence personnel National Political Security Department to Harbin with the recommendation letter of Japanese general staff of the army) of the document for the Headquarters of the General Staff of Red Army of Workers and Peasants. He knows Japanese secret documents very well and verifies the authenticity of the document (см.:ГорбуновЕ.Крахпланов《Оцу》.Владивосток,1988.С.27-28). A. A. Kirichenko verifies that the information departments of the Soviet Union had devoted much energy and resources to obtain the Memorial. It refutes some scholars’ assumption that the text of Memorial is forged within National Political Security Department of the Soviet Union (см.:ЧеревкоК.Е.,КириченкоА.А.Советско-японскаявойна(9августа-2сентября1945г.).Рассекреченныйархивы(предыстория,ход,последствия).,2006.С.18). [^Back]

    [3]. ③ In: War in Asia and the Pacific, 1937-1949. Vol. 13. The Sino-Japanese and Chinese Civil Wars (Part 1). History of the Sino-Japanese War. Vol. 1. P. 5. Some very famous Russian scholars all ensure the existence of Tanaka Memorial, such as doctor КутаковЛ., (см.: КутаковЛ.ПриходквластиправительстваГ.Танаки.-Вкн.:Япония.М.,1987.С.90), Кошкин А.А. (см.:КошкинА.А.Крахстратегии《спелойхурмы》.М.,1989.С.14-16), Some Japanese historians and diplomatists also ensure the existence of Tanaka Memorial, such as ОбатаД.,ТокиноТ.идр.Нихонси(ИсторияЯпонии.Токио,1967.С.489), Сёвагайкогодзюнэн(50летдипломатиипериодаСёва).Токио,1973.С.28-29. [^Back]


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This Article


CN: 22-1180/C

Vol 26, No. 01, Pages 3-11+127

January 2017


Article Outline


  • 1 Tanaka Memorial fully reveals Japanese intention to launch world war
  • 2 Historical root and the then international situation of Japanese aggressive expansion
  • 3 Japanese first initiated the war of aggression to dominate the world and Western countries’ appeasement policy
  • 4 Japan is worthy attention which rearms and asserts territorial claims for neighboring countries
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