International situation in 2015 and outlook for 2016
(2.Eurasian Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100701)
【Abstract】The international situation of 2015 has experienced ups and downs. Even though many parts of the world are still facing the situation of conflicts and instability, trend of the times of peace, development and win-win cooperation is moving forward, which is eloquently explained by the following six big events: the successful state visit of President Xi Jinping to the United States; the historic meeting of Xi Jinping and Ma Ying-jeou; the reaching of Iranian nuclear agreement; peaceful control of conflicts and differences in East Asia; restoration of diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba; and the signing of agreement during the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris. At the same time, the trend of confrontation, conflicts and hatred intertwines with confrontations, the unipolarity versus multipolarity is further highlighted, and the global economic is weak in demand and slow growth. These are also typical features of the world economic pattern. For the international situation of 2016, it is difficult to make accurate predictions as the international situation changes constantly. However, there are four obvious points. First, turbulence in the Middle East and North Africa regions will continue and terrorism will still be an important issue for the international community. Second, tensions between Russia and Western countries such as the United States will persist. Third, disputes in the Asia Pacific region will continue to be controlled and the positive impact of China on international relations will be further revealed. Fourth, Sino-US relations will go through a period of difficulties and frictions.
【Keywords】 development; win-win; 2016; conflict; terrorism; One Belt and One Road; trend of the times;
(Translated by ZUO Weidong)