Analysis of competition and cooperation on the new Silk Road among China, the U.S. and India

GAN Junxian1

(1.Research Center for International Politics, Zhejiang University)

【Abstract】China, the U.S. and India have developed different plans in constructing the new Silk Road. The U.S. mainly aims to protect its achievements in the Afghanistan war and to serve its strategy in Central Asia and South Asia so as to maintain its world hegemony; and China and India take the new Silk Road as a way for trade expansion, energy supply and cultural communication. Among the three countries’ plans of new Silk Road, the Indian one is more similar to that of the U.S. and their directions are also more consistent; and the Chinese one is more inclusive and sustainable. If the three countries can cooperate well with each other in the new Silk Road construction, Asian integration will be motivated. On the contrary, vicious competition will cause geopolitical turbulence in Asia. China should try to avoid geopolitical risks and give priority to the cross-border transportation construction with neighboring countries that have established good political relations with China, constantly promoting the building of the new Silk Road.

【Keywords】 Silk Road; strategic competition; great power relations; geopolitics; regional integration;


【Funds】 2014 Project of the Ministry of Education (14YJCGJW00).

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This Article


CN: 22-1180/C

Vol 24, No. 01, Pages 107-117+128

January 2015


Article Outline


  • 1 Difference of the new Silk Road among China, the U.S. and India
  • 2 Competition and cooperation concerning the Maritime Silk Road
  • 3 Competition and cooperation concerning the Land-based Silk Road
  • 4 Geopolitical consequences of the three countries’ competition and cooperation in constructing the new Silk Road and China’s coping diplomatic measures
  • References