Analysis of competition and cooperation on the new Silk Road among China, the U.S. and India
【Abstract】China, the U.S. and India have developed different plans in constructing the new Silk Road. The U.S. mainly aims to protect its achievements in the Afghanistan war and to serve its strategy in Central Asia and South Asia so as to maintain its world hegemony; and China and India take the new Silk Road as a way for trade expansion, energy supply and cultural communication. Among the three countries’ plans of new Silk Road, the Indian one is more similar to that of the U.S. and their directions are also more consistent; and the Chinese one is more inclusive and sustainable. If the three countries can cooperate well with each other in the new Silk Road construction, Asian integration will be motivated. On the contrary, vicious competition will cause geopolitical turbulence in Asia. China should try to avoid geopolitical risks and give priority to the cross-border transportation construction with neighboring countries that have established good political relations with China, constantly promoting the building of the new Silk Road.
【Keywords】 Silk Road; strategic competition; great power relations; geopolitics; regional integration;
 Andrew C. Kuchins, Thomas M. Sanderson, David A. Gordon, Afghanistan: Building the Missing Link in the Modern Silk Road, The Washington Quarterly. April 2010.
 David Pihlblad, Robert Guang Tian, U.S. Economical Strategic Interests in Central Asia: Current Situations and Expectations for the Future, Journal of Management Policy and Practice. vol. 13(3) 2012.
 Meena Singh Roy. India’s “Connect Central Asia” policy: building cooperative partnership, Indian Foreign Affairs Journal. vol. 8, No. 3, 2013.
 Liu, Q. South Asian Studies Quarterly (南亚研究季刊), (2) (2010).
 Amit Ranjan. India-China strategic rivalry: has the dragon replaced the elephant, Himalayan and Central Asian Studies. V. 17, No. 3–4, 2013.
 Josh kucera. Clinton’s dubious plan to save Afghanistan with a new silk road. The Atlantic, November 2, 2011.
 Zeng, X. & Zhang, C. Southeast Asian Studies (东南亚研究), (1) (2013).
 Gao, F. Foreign Affairs Review (外交评论), (5) (2013).
 Gurpreet S. Khurana. China-India Maritime Rivalry. India Defense Review. vol. 23, No. 4, October/December2008, p. 89.
 Kaplan, R. Monsoon: The Indian Ocean and the Future of American Power. Wu, Z. & Mao, Y. (trans.) Beijing: Social Sciences Academic Press (China), 10 (2013).
 Zahid Ali Khan. China’s Gwadar and India’s Chahbahar: an Analysis of Sino-India Geo-strategic and Economic Competition, Strategic Studies. vol. xxxii, 2013, 3.
 Gurpreet Singh Khurana. Securing the maritime silk route: is there a Sino-Indian Confluence, China and Eurasia Forum Quarterly. V. 4, No. 3, 2006.
 Liu, C. http://business.sohu.com/20140722/n402544824.shtml
 Mohammad Masudur Rahman, Chanwahn Kim. Trade and investment potential among BCIM countries: prospects for a dynamic growth quadrangle, Journal of International Trade Law and Policy. vol. 11 No. 2, 2012.
 Bhattacharyay, Biswanath; De, Prabir. Promotion of Trade and Investment between People’s Republic of China: towards a regional perspective, Asian Development Review. 2005.