A new discussion on the interactions between the Olympic Games and urban development under the theory of mature city: taking the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games as an example
(2.School of Physical Education, Shanxi University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030006)
【Abstract】The interactions between the Olympic Games and urban development are an important issue concerning the sustainable development of the Olympic Movement. In recent years, with the reform of the International Olympic Committee and the rapid development of modern cities, the relationship between the Olympic Games and urban development has reached a new historical juncture. This paper uses the methods of literature review and historical analysis to explore the interactive relationship between the Olympic Games and urban development with the mature city theory as the starting point. Results show that the traditional interactive model of the Olympic Games and urban development is based on the rising demand interactive model. This is an interactive model in which the city combines the development of its own hardware facilities with the hosting of the Olympic Games. However, this model is affected by the changes in the social environment, and it cannot meet the requirements of modern cities to build a mature city, nor meet the requirements of the sustainable development of the Olympic Games. Thus, it is gradually eliminated. Therefore, a city should take the opportunity of creating a mature city and seize the new opportunities of the transformation and development of large-scale cities and the reform of the Olympic Games, and establish a new interactive model of the Olympic Games and urban development. From the perspective of the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo, this paper starts from the four realization paths of the mature city, namely, the natural environment, residents’ development, interpersonal communication, and scientific and technological support. It explores the new interactive model of the Olympic Games and urban development by case analysis. At the same time, both as large cities, Tokyo and Beijing share high similarities in terms of urban layout and population mobility. This paper takes the Tokyo Olympics as a case study and hopes that it can provide theoretical support for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics.
【Keywords】 Olympic Movement; Olympic Games; sustainable development; Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games; 2020 Olympic Agenda; urban development; mature city; no-relationship society;
(Translated by GU Ming)
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