A study on characteristics of China elite high pile lion dance athletes’ competitive ability structure model
(2.Jimei University, Xiamen, Fujian China 361021)
【Abstract】Objective: This study analyzed elite high pile lion dance athletes’ competitive ability and determined its leading factors, characteristics and structure model. Methods: Competitive ability indexes of 60 elite high pile lion dance athletes were analyzed by literature research, investigation, experiment and mathematical statistics. Results:1) Twenty-four body shape indicators, 9 body function indicators,19 physical fitness indicators, 8 technique indicators and 18 psychology indicators of high pile lion dance athletes’ competitive ability were selected. 2) Height of lion-head athletes is higher than that of lion-tail athletes, both of their lower and upper limbs are long in perfect proportion, their shoulder is wide, hip is narrow, trunk is inverted triangle, achilles tendon is long, body circumference and muscle are moderate. 3) China elite high pile lion dance athletes have high aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, balance ability, response sensitivity and space perception ability. 4) Elite high pile lion dance athletes should have large arm, waist and abdomen strengths, good explosive force of lower limbs, space perception ability, high sensitivity and coordination. 5) Jumping from single pile with 180° left turn is a rotary displacement factor, movement execution score is a movement specification factor, and both of them reflect the athlete’s ability of movement difficulty and athletes’ whole technique level. 6) Indomitable willpower, good pre-match emotion control ability and better cognitive ability are three factors that the elite high pile lion dance athletes should have. 7) By using the methods of factor analysis, regression analysis and theory knowledge, typical evaluation system of elite high pile lion dance athletes’ competitive ability is determined, its structure model is established, and it can reflect the leading factors of competitive ability comprehensively, systematically and accurately. This paper hoped to provide training target system for development of high pile lion dance, and provide scientific basis for athlete selection of high pile lion dance.
【Keywords】 high pile lion dance; elite athletes; competitive ability; characteristic; structure model;
(Translated by LI Mingjiang)
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