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论女性主义三次浪潮与奥运会女性项目的演进

许宁1 黄亚玲1

(1.北京体育大学, 北京 100084)

【摘要】3次女性主义浪潮和奥运会自身价值观的演化,深刻影响着女性参与奥林匹克运动。奥运会中女性项目的变化反映了女性参与奥林匹克运动进程。采用文献资料法,从奥林匹克运动自身发展过程和3次女性主义浪潮对女性体育参与的影响2个维度,探讨了奥运会女性项目的演进过程。得出以下结论:奥运会女子项目的设置反映了3次女性主义浪潮对女性体育的推动作用;奥运会所追求的男女平等不能仅以女子项目的增加为标准,性别公正是逻辑起点;在第3次女性主义浪潮与日渐功利化的奥林匹克运动影响下,奥运会对性别平等的探索会更加曲折。

【关键词】 奥运会;体育项目;三次浪潮;女性主义;后现代;性别公正;

【DOI】

【基金资助】 北京市社会科学重点项目;

Three waves of feminism and the evolution of female events of the Olympics

XU Ning1 HUANG Yaling1

(1.Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China 100084)

【Abstract】Female participation in the Olympic Games, reflected by the changes of female events, was deeply influenced by the three waves of feminism in the 20th century and evolution of the values the Olympic Games. From the two dimensions of the self-development of the Olympics and the three waves of feminism, this paper analyzed evolution of Olympic female events by the method of literature review. The conclusion is as follows: women events added in the Olympic Games were pushed by the three waves of feminism; gender justice is the logical foundation of equality between men and women in Olympic Games, which should not be determined by the increase in female events; the exploration of gender equality in the Olympic Games will be struggling under the influence of the third-wave feminism and utilitarianism.

【Keywords】 Olympic Games; sport events; three waves; feminism; postmodernism; gender justice;

【DOI】

【Funds】 Key Project of Beijing Social Science Fund;

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This Article

ISSN:1007-3612

CN: 11-3785/G8

Vol 38, No. 05, Pages 14-18+23

May 2015

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Article Outline

Abstract

  • 1 Research Methodology
  • 2 The first-wave feminism: women’s participation was integrated in the Olympic Games with confrontation
  • 3 The second-wave feminism: female participation in more sport events
  • 4 The third-wave feminism: its leading effect on female events of the Olympic Games
  • 5 From the notion of equality between men and women to the perspective of women’s participation to achieve gender justice
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References