Three waves of feminism and the evolution of female events of the Olympics

XU Ning1 HUANG Yaling1

(1.Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China 100084)

【Abstract】Female participation in the Olympic Games, reflected by the changes of female events, was deeply influenced by the three waves of feminism in the 20th century and evolution of the values the Olympic Games. From the two dimensions of the self-development of the Olympics and the three waves of feminism, this paper analyzed evolution of Olympic female events by the method of literature review. The conclusion is as follows: women events added in the Olympic Games were pushed by the three waves of feminism; gender justice is the logical foundation of equality between men and women in Olympic Games, which should not be determined by the increase in female events; the exploration of gender equality in the Olympic Games will be struggling under the influence of the third-wave feminism and utilitarianism.

【Keywords】 Olympic Games; sport events; three waves; feminism; postmodernism; gender justice;


【Funds】 Key Project of Beijing Social Science Fund

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(Translated by ZHAO Shichen)


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CN: 11-3785/G8

Vol 38, No. 05, Pages 14-18+23

May 2015


Article Outline


  • 1 Research Methodology
  • 2 The first-wave feminism: women’s participation was integrated in the Olympic Games with confrontation
  • 3 The second-wave feminism: female participation in more sport events
  • 4 The third-wave feminism: its leading effect on female events of the Olympic Games
  • 5 From the notion of equality between men and women to the perspective of women’s participation to achieve gender justice
  • 6 Conclusion
  • References