Mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration research on social organizations embedding in the community governance: based on the gold-idea of Shangcheng District in the Hangzhou City
【Abstract】Based on the basic comprehensive angle of view, that is, the perspective of social action in deliberative governance, the author hopes to demonstrate the gradually developing process of the mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration, and the multi levels and models of deliberation in the development of social organization embedding in community governance practices. By using the case study method, this paper establishes an ideal type of deliberative governance based on mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration in a district of a city. Mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration develops with social organization embedding in community governance process. With the policy of deliberation, the mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration creates social actions of deliberative inter-linked collaboration of multi actors in the process of community governance. The mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration brings about multi-compound governance for community development meeting the needs and responding to conflicts of its residents, expressing and forging community values and consensus. With the development of the mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration, a multi levels and models of deliberation system is established in a city district for community system. Focusing on the mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration for community governance, this paper illustrates an ideal type for the development of social organization and community in the range of a city district in administrative background of China, without too many details about deliberation procedures, deliberative cooperation forms between governments departments and social actors in community governance practices, which deserve further studies. This paper depicts the empirical logic of the mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration which emphasizes the basic priority of deliberation expressing and forging community values and consensus. This paper also advocates a multi-compound community governance model promoting a system evolution with social organization and community development.
【Keywords】 mechanism of deliberative inter-linked collaboration; social organization; community; multi-compound governance;
. ① In the early years, the senior scholars such as Wu Wen-zao and Fei Hsiao-tung put forward the concept of “community” in the stream of Chinese social sciences by drawing on western literature in the 1930s. After the mid-1980s, the community became a concept accepted by both academic discussion and grassroots government governance, which can be called the return of concept. [^Back]
. ② For related policies, see Opinions on Strengthening Negotiation Between Urban and Rural Communities, Opinions on Reforming the Management System of Social Organizations and Promoting the Healthy and Orderly Development of Social Organizations, and Opinions on Strengthening and Improving the Governance of Urban and Rural Communities. [^Back]
. ① The inter-linked collaboration of community, social organizations, and professional social workers means promoting the community, social organizations and social workers to break through the roles, responsibility boundaries, close cooperation in community governance innovation. [^Back]
. ② The social organizations that provide capacity building and other resources or service support to social organizations are called supportive social organizations. The social organization service center of Shangcheng district and social organization service centers of six sub-districts serve communities, social organizations and social workers in the role of supportive social organizations. [^Back]
. ① The gold-idea case evaluation encourages communities to select the project of social organizations’ participation in community governance and service supported by venture philanthropy to participate in the evaluation. Of course, the selection is not limited to these projects. The communities and corresponding social organizations can select projects according to their own conditions. [^Back]
. ② The residents judges are community residents in Shangcheng District. They must have local influence and experience in directly or indirectly participating in community service and governance affairs. They have a deep understanding of community self-governance. The judges are elected by the sub-districts from the residents of their respective areas. [^Back]
. ① The community grid was implemented in Hangzhou in 2009. The urban area was divided into a large grid according to the distribution of sub-district communities. The community subdivided the grid into smaller grids. The buildings and building groups were divided into segments, and the social workers were responsible for various service matters. These subdivisions are known as community grids. [^Back]
. ② It is one of the strategies for the development of social organizations to build hotshot studio in Hangzhou communities. Currently, there are nearly 100 hotshot studios in 54 communities in Shangcheng District. In practice, the hotshot studio provides community service and also presents the distinctive culture of the community. [^Back]
. ① In 1958, Chairman MAO Zedong visited XYX community which became a banner of the national patriotic health campaign. In 2003, XI Jinping (the then provincial Party committee secretary of Zhejiang at that time) visited the community to inspect the patriotic health work. In July 2011, XI Jinping answered the letter to the community and encouraged the community to build better. [^Back]
. ② The center is called “red lane life square·community comprehensive service center,” which was opened in April 2014. With different functional blocks, it has four floors and covers over 1700 square meters. More than 30 social organizations are settled initially to provide services such as parent-child education, public lecture halls, fitness, calligraphy, dream theater, and medical care oriented to the community. It also manages the site, designs activities, establishes the points-based system, and gives priority to use the site, participate in activities and enjoy service according to the points with the help of residents’ volunteer teams. [^Back]
. ③ As for the old wall gate courtyard community, namely, bungalow courtyard with one or two layers, the residents have close neighborhood ties and harmonious interpersonal relationship. There are five such communities in LCJ community, with a total of about 1200 residents. Since 2004, the neighborhood festival of this community has won the honor of “Hangzhou Excellent Neighborhood Festival” for many years. [^Back]
. ① Taking community as a reference, this study divides social organizations into endogenous and exogenous ones. The endogenous social organization is the social organization that grows up in the community. The social organizations that enter the community from outside to provide services can be called exogenous social organizations. [^Back]
. ① According to Habermas, the social action and will construction in a country ruled by law includes the following types of negotiation. The practical negotiation refers to the negotiation of problem response. The procedural negotiation refers to the design of strict procedures to facilitate negotiations. The ethical negotiation refers to ethical value selection negotiation of community. The moral negotiation refers to the negotiation based on the morality and value of a specific group. These negotiations are effectively combined to promote legal negotiation and the legitimate will of countries ruled by law. The investigation of the process of urban community governance, such as “gold-idea” action, can also be carried out based on these four types of negotiation, but it is manifested in two dimensions of two-way inter-linked collaboration. [^Back]
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