Northeast Asia Forum,2018,Vol 27,No. 03
【Abstract】 The issue of national energy development is a focus of the 19th National Congress of the CPC and General Secretary Xi Jinping. In the new period, China should focus on improving the power of discourse, influence and shaping in global energy governance. From the perspective of international situation, we can see that along with the adjustment of energy structure in various countries and the growth of global natural gas consumption, global geo-political and economic structure of natural gas is undergoing significant changes. Aiming at the above changes, this paper puts forward the concept of the global discourse power of natural gas, and it is defined as the comprehensive power including the control of natural gas resource, channel, pricing and demand. On this basis, this paper analyzes the current status of China’s natural gas discourse power, explains the necessity and possibility, and puts forward the countermeasures and suggestions for China to enhance the discourse power. This research shows that China occupies the advantage in geopolitics and geo-economics currently; however, in the long-term, China will compete with other major powers for the interests of natural gas. In the medium-short term, the natural gas resources can be used safely, but the power to control resource is still weak in the medium-long term. China obtains the initiative in the trade link, but the high gas prices are detrimental to the interests of China’s economy. To effectively improve the discourse power of the natural gas, China should focus on cooperation with the surrounding areas in the trade of natural gas, focus on creating the Asian financial center of natural gas, and even strive for the initiative of trade rules in the Asia Pacific region. China should accelerate the construction of natural gas infrastructure and improve the comprehensive service capabilities. Meanwhile, China should control the demand for natural gas appropriately, and further improve diversification of energy supply.
How does the price-based reform of resource taxes affect enterprises’ profitability? A case study of crude oil and natural gas
Finance & Trade Economics,2018,Vol 39,No. 05
【Abstract】 To avoid waste in exploration and use of resources while alleviating the financial burden of local governments, the Chinese central government started a pilot reform on resource taxation in Xinjiang, levying resource taxes on crude oil and natural gas by price rather than by the extracted volume from June 1, 2010. This reform was then applied nationwide in November 1, 2011. To assess the effect of the resource tax reform, this paper, proceeding from the change in effective resource tax rate before and after the reform, constructed a production function model and investigated the upstream and downstream enterprises, respectively. Different from other studies, this paper creatively combined the different positions of enterprises in the petroleum and petrochemical industry chain and the influence mechanism of resource tax reform on enterprises. In the empirical part, the paper took the reform of the resource tax on crude oil and natural gas as a quasi-natural experiment and established a difference-in-differences model. The paper found that the resource tax reform significantly reduced the profitability of the upstream enterprises, but had no significant effect on the profitability of downstream enterprises; the impact of the resource tax reform was robust and did not change drastically with estimation methods, control groups, sample periods, enterprise sizes and data resources.
Studies in World Religions,2018,No. 02
【Abstract】 There is little academic study on the relationship between Sanyiism and Taoist Thunder Magic. From the viewpoint of this article, Sanyiism, which literally means the school of Three-in-One, has integrated the spirit of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism together and its intake of the god Thunder Progenitor in Heaven Nine into its own theogony also shows the integration of the three religions. The classic of Sanyiism, Orthodoxy Theory of Lin Zhao’en on Sanyiism (林子三教正宗统论), also demonstrates that Sanyiism has absorbed a lot from the theory of Taoist elixir alchemy, and the theory originated from the guru of Taoist Thunder Method, Prophet Bai Yuchan. Besides, the prevailing invocation in Sanyiism “Golden Toothrium, Jade Toothrium, come to us(金齿临), 玉齿临).” is quite likely to be related to the Buddhism Shingon invocation “om, cchirum, om, brum (唵齿临唵部临),” and also keeps the similar changing trend of invocation signs in Taoist Thunder Magic.
Northeast Asia Forum,2017,Vol 26,No. 06
【Abstract】 In order to probe into the deep reasons that influence the development of Sino-Russian gas cooperation, it is necessary to pay attention to the game of interest groups within Russia’s natural gas sector in the context of the evolution of global gas market and geopolitical patterns. In particular, the intricate relationship between these energy interest groups and the Kremlin has a direct impact on Russia’s domestic gas sector regulation and export policy. An analysis of the evolution of Sino-Russian gas relations from the perspective of energy interest group game will also help to judge and predict the trend of Russian gas market liberalization and the prospect of Sino-Russian gas cooperation. This is of far-reaching significance in advancing the strategic docking of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the Eurasian Economic Union, especially the deepening of the production cooperation between China and Russia in oil and gas fields.
Studies in World Religions,2017,No. 01
【Abstract】 During the late Qing Dynasty and the early periods of the Republic of China, due to a variety of factors, Taoism was faced with a gradual decline. As a famous Taoist layperson, Zheng Guanying strove hard to promote Taoism. Within his whole life of 80 years, he spent over 60 years inquiring into the truth and pursuing the Taoist Way as his conviction to the Taoist faith grew more with his age. Zheng hoped that, by means of inner alchemy and cultivation, he could pursue longevity and use the techniques of immortality to both attain the Way and save the world and humanity. Through Taoism, Zheng hoped to command various religions in the world. Zheng promoted reforming the existential corruption of the Taoism as it existed in his time, and he actively pursued and conducted the causes of modern charity. Zheng actively published and disseminated works of the Taoist canon, and actively constructed Taoist monasteries and associations. Zheng was a disseminator and transformer of modern Chinese Taoism and certainly, possessed great influence. His contributions to Taoism should not be ignored, and his religious life merits the attention of the academic community.
The theory of Dao-nature or the theory of despoilers: a new interpretation for Daoist ecological ethics
History of Chinese Philosophy,2016,No. 02
【Abstract】 In the evolution of Daoism, the theory of Dao-nature (Daoxing) advocated by Daoist metaphysics, holds a non-anthropocentrism ecological perspective while the theory of despoilers (Daoji) proposed by Yinfu (secret tally) practitioners holds a weak anthropocentrism one. Both theories, with their different ways of argumentations, though coexisting in the Daoist ideological system, possess quite different ecological concepts and result in the contradictive ecological practice of modern Daoism. On the one hand, there are a large number of precepts strictly prohibiting the destruction of ecological environment but nevertheless with certain flexible ones. On the other hand, it puts equal emphasis on the ecological protection and scientific and technological research. This seemingly contradictory attitude of Daoism can be explained by the their different attitude towards “seen” and “unseen,” that is, they believe that metaphysically human and all the living beings are of the same Dao- nature while secularly, people have the right to rationally explore the environment.