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Cross-Straits relations

Cross-Straits relations

Study on the effects and achievements of cross-Strait exchange in the past 30 years

LIU Guoshen

Taiwan Studies,2018,No. 01

【Abstract】 We should analyze and explore the appearance and essence of the developments and changes of cross-Strait relations historically, comprehensively and dialectically, and evaluate the effects and achievements of the development in the past 30 years practically and realistically. The integration and development of economy, society, culture, education, medical care and people’s life on both sides of the Taiwan Straits are the important process and concrete embodiment of the ultimate and complete reunification of Chinese mainland and Taiwan. The achievements of the development of non-governmental relations have become the anchor of the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations, with progressive integration being the new model for such relations.

The development of cross-Strait economic relations in the new era: from factor-driven toward innovation-driven

Zhang Guanhua

Taiwan Studies,2018,No. 06

【Abstract】 Driven by the market where factors and economic structures complement with each other, the cross-Strait economic relations have witnessed sustained and rapid growth over the past three decades. Yet in recent years, with the world and cross-Strait economic ties undergoing profound changes, the driving role of factors have been weakening. As a consequence, industries on both sides of the Taiwan Straits, instead of being highly complementary with each other as they used to be, have entered a new stage of co-existence, competition, and cooperation, the cross-Strait economic and social interactions and the allocation of interests tend to be even more complicated, and the cross-Strait economic relations have stepped into a period of transformation. Meanwhile, the new technological revolution has brought about profound changes to the cross-Strait supply chain, causing the development momentum of cross-Strait economic relations moving further closer to an innovation-driven direction. This will not only result in the alternation in the development mode of cross-Strait economic relations, but also will facilitate the connection of Taiwan’s businesses with mainland economy, the integration of industries on both sides, as well as the process of cross-Strait economic and social integrated development, thus enhancing the spillover effects of economic and social integration across the Taiwan Straits. In response to all of these ongoing profound changes, both sides of the Taiwan Straits should establish and improve a cooperative governance system aimed at deepening innovation-driven development.

Cross-Straits non-traditional security cooperation: its history and current situation

ZENG Lingjun

Taiwan Studies,2018,No. 05

【Abstract】 Non-traditional security cooperation between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits began when the cross-Straits non-governmental exchanges kicked off. Usually, cooperation between the two sides in the field of non-traditional security issues is subject to the cross-Straits political relations, which is an important feature of the cross-Straits non-traditional security cooperation. Accompanying the 30 years of interaction between the two sides in the field of non-traditional security issues are the ups and downs of cross-Straits relations. This interaction has also become the weathervane of the development of cross-Straits relations. Any progress made in the cooperation in the field of non-traditional security becomes an important driving force behind the development of cross-Straits relations. Since the Democratic Progressive Party came to power, political trust between the two sides has been seriously undermined. This will inevitably affect the cross-Straits cooperation in non-traditional security fields.

Evolution of global value chains and policy selection based on value chains: discussion on industrial countermeasures between the Chinese mainland and Taiwan

HAN Yonghui

Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 03

【Abstract】 Since the new century, global industrial structure has changed greatly. It is urgent to seek industrial strategic transformation path based on global value chains for Chinese mainland and Taiwan. First, this paper introduces the background and reasons of the emergence of global value chains. Then it analyzes three features of derived global industrial chains, which are the deepening fragmentation of division of labor and increasingly mature organization network of global offshore outsourcing; the flourished South-South trade and the shift of end products market to developing countries; and the start of the fourth global industrial transfer. Furthermore, this paper proposes three industrial policies based on global value chains for policy makers to choose, including integrating into global value chains by relying on multinationals, guiding enterprises to realize suppliers globalization through global sourcing and specializing in global value chains. Finally, this paper discusses the opportunities, challenges and countermeasures in the reconstruction of global value chains for Chinese mainland and Taiwan.

Production cooperation, trade interdependence and business cycle co-movement between China’s mainland and Taiwan ①


The Journal of Quantitative & Technical Economics,2017,Vol 34,No. 01

【Abstract】 Research object: the transmission mechanism of the cross-Straits production cooperation and trade contacts on the cross-Straits business cycle co-movement. Research method: the impact response analysis and experimental simulation analysis based on the real business cycle model framework of a real economy. Research findings: there is still a great difference in economic structure between economies cross the Straits, so other economies are the main source of exogenous shock for the macroeconomic fluctuation in China’s Taiwan; the cross-Straits correlation of technology shocks has played a key role in the formation of cross-Straits business cycle co-movement; in both bilateral trade and two-way investment, the cross-Straits economic relation is only in “shallow” interdependence status and the cross-Straits business cycle co-movement is also characterized by indirection and representation. Research innovation: the dynamic stochastic general equilibrium analysis paradigm is applied to the research of cross-Straits business cycle co-movement. Research value: it reveals the intrinsic characteristics of cross-Straits economic interdependence and provides a new reference for policy designs aimed at promoting the benign development of cross-Straits economic relation.

A study on cross-Straits community exchange and cooperation from the perspective of cross-Straits economic and social integration

YAN Zhilan

Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 06

【Abstract】 After cross-Straits relations entered a deep-water zone, cross-Straits community exchanges play an important role in unifying people on both sides of the Taiwan Straits who support the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations. Cross-Straits community exchanges have been conducted for years. The support from cross-Straits authorities and the enthusiasm of private participation jointly promote cross-Straits community exchanges to progress step by step. And the cross-Straits community cooperation and exchanges have become normalized, institutional, professional and bi-directional. The practice of cross-Straits community exchanges is carried out in the two directions of getting inspiration for their own work and exploring the path for in-depth cross-Straits exchanges and cooperation. To be pragmatic and sustainable, cross-Straits community governance cooperation must consider cross-Straits differences in the community power structure, sources for funds, the communication mechanism between government and community, the connection mechanism of internal and external resources of communities as well as assessment mechanism. To achieve the function of integration of cross-Straits community communication, at present, the focus can be placed on the exchange and cooperation of community work practices and community industries. The policy design of opening the door to cross-Straits economic and social integration through cross-Straits community exchanges will have an established development path of exchanges and cooperation.

Study on cross-Strait youth exchanges in the new situation

SHI Yong

Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 01

【Abstract】 The background of cross-Strait youth exchanges has experienced many new changes. Cross-Strait relations enter a stage of peaceful development. There are significant changes in the comparative strengths of the two sides of the Strait. Both sides of the Strait become more open and inclusive. And the Internet has become an important means of cross-Strait communication. Under this context, a number of new characteristics have emerged in cross-Strait youth exchanges, including the mutually complementary online and personal exchanges, inclusive exchange content and topics, and the combination of governmental and non-governmental participation. At the same time, there are problems such as cultural identity, value identity, emotional conflicts and policy orientation. We should pay attention to these new circumstances, new changes and new problems in cross-Strait youth exchanges and put forward new measures to promote the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations.

Optimization of cross-Straits cultural exchange system and its legal process: from the perspective of “system complexity”

SHI Dongpo

Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 01

【Abstract】 During the stable cooperation and gradual integration of economic trade between the both sides of the Straits, negotiations, signing and implementation of the Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA), exhibit impressive development and set up a model for the institutionalization cross-Strait exchanges. The cultural exchanges across the Taiwan Strait has become increasingly frequent, however, the effect may not be as desired sometimes, so significant cooperation and lasting ordinary state are required. In this way, cultural ECFA will be an urgent option to maintain and ensure the healthy development of cross-Straits cultural exchanges, and to improve cross-Straits beneficiary performance and national cultural identity. By reviewing the tortuous course of cross-Straits exchanges, it is obvious that the basic premise of national cultural identity is the consensus basis for signing of relevant agreements. Meanwhile, the principle and aim of the agreements will only be elucidated through the analysis of the current status and problems of cross-Straits cultural exchanges. Therefore, based on the positive and negative effect of present “system complexity,” the practical experience of ECFA, and reasonable points of two ways to formulate the cultural ECFA, it is suitable that the agreement should be negotiated and signed in the manner of “1 + N.” This will be the possible choice to achieve the institutionalization, standardization and legal process of cross-Strait cultural exchanges.

Current controversy on the community of shared destiny for cross-Strait relations: building a model with cooperation and confrontation

PAN Zhaomin

Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 04

【Abstract】 This paper uses constructivism as an approach to analyzing the situation of cold confrontation in cross-Strait relations. In light of Alexander Wendt’s theory of the conceptual effect, this paper discusses how the concept of a community of shared destiny in cross-Strait relations can be molded and understood, and how it can be valued by the people in both societies as a standard of behaviors. The author argues that the cold confrontation should not dominate the cross-Strait relations and that the current hostile atmosphere cannot be reinforced. The authorities in the mainland should face the unbalanced and contradictory mentality of Taiwan people. On the one hand, people in Taiwan seek peace and financial benefits in cross-Strait relations, and on the other hand, they still hold a grudge against the mainland and distrust Beijing. Therefore, this study suggests a new model of cooperation culture, which can be adopted by both sides on the basis of the platform of interdependence. The hostility toward the “otherness” could then be resolved, and a new attitude based on expanded homogeneous consciousness could be generated. As a result, both sides of the Straits may establish a new code of self-restraint in order to successfully agree upon the values of the community of shared destiny in cross-Strait relations.

Research on cross-Straits cooperation in port governance against the background of constructing free trade area


Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 05

【Abstract】 Free trade area (FTA) belongs to the free economic zone. It mainly implements the policy of customs territory and one-stop service management. Cross-border cooperation and governance reduce trade barriers between countries or regions, reducing internal transaction cost, and contributing to promote the high degree of regional integration in aspects such as economy, society, culture and system. Chinese mainland is making efforts to promoting the construction of FTA, and at the same time, Taiwan is also promoting the construction of free economic pilot zones being confronted with the problems of economic transformation and upgrading at present. It is good at expanding fields and levels of cross-Straits economic and trade exchanges and cooperation. Thereby, it proposes new realistic demands for cross-Straits port governance. Currently, Taiwan customs has basically achieved automatic cargo clearance in customs clearance governance, and is actively promoting the electronic construction of the customs, namely, the single window of customs clearance, port service and trade licensing. Chinese mainland ports are faced with problems of inconformity in port governance system, overlapping functions of functional departments, low governance efficiency, separation of construction and management, and slow construction of electronic port governance. On this basis, we should mainly develop cross-Straits cooperation in port governance from five aspects, that is, boosting cross-Straits two-way investment and high-end industrial cooperation, developing port governance and cooperation with “the realization of mutual information exchange, mutual recognition of supervision, and mutual assistance in law enforcement” as the main body, promoting cooperation in facilitating the information-based simplification of procedures for “customs clearance” of ports, constructing the interaction mechanism of cross-Straits port governance under the “21st Century Maritime Silk Road,” and exploring a new model of cross-Straits cooperation in port governance aimed at achieving integrated development of Xiamen and Kinmen.

Influence of the Belt and Road Initiative on Asia-Pacific order and cross-Strait relations

YAN Anlin;ZHANG Jian

Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 04

【Abstract】 With the holding of the Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, the Belt and Road Initiative has achieved interim outcomes. It has positive influences on the Asia-Pacific order in the economic, political and security aspects. Economically, it provides economic development impetus and capital support. Politically, it offers China solution for the transformation of Asia-Pacific political order. In security, it provides public goods for the security of the Asia-Pacific and platforms for the resolution of the difficult problems through dialogue and negotiation. Besides, it gives a good opportunity for the cross-Strait relations, such as the development of Taiwan economy, the cross-Strait cooperation and the building of a community of shared destiny. However, Tsai Ing-wen authorities do not recognize 1992 Consensus as the political basis for the cross-Strait relations, which will destroy the Initiative’s bonuses.

Comparative analysis on the SCS policies between the China’s mainland and Taiwan

ZHENG Biqiang;XU Chuan

Southeast Asian Affairs,2016,No. 03

【Abstract】 According to the stakeholder theory, this paper will regard China’s mainland and ASEAN as the major stakeholders in the South China Sea (SCS) dispute, and the United States and Taiwan as secondary stakeholders. China’s mainland and Taiwan respectively play a major and a minor role in the SCS. In spite of some commonalities, their SCS policies are fundamentally different. What is more, different relationships with other stakeholders and varying strengths of the two sides result in that the effects of their policies are almost completely different. As a whole, the polices of the China’s mainland and Taiwan lack effective force in constraining other stakeholders, and the SCS disputes will continue to develop within the triangle game among China’s mainland, the United States (US) and Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The space for cooperation on the SCS between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait will be compressed gradually, which makes it hard for Taiwan to avoid the crisis of marginalization in the SCS disputes.

On the political factors in the Cross-Strait reservation of public order

HAN Kefang

Taiwan Studies,2016,No. 06

【Abstract】 So far, since Taiwan and Chinese mainland have been open to each other, the legislation of the Cross-Strait reservation of public order has been deeply affected by political factors. This leads to the alienation of the public order preservation in practice. The lawful rights and interests of the compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Strait could not get the same protection. The political and legal conflicts between Taiwan and Chinese mainland will not be eliminated for a long period of time in the future. Therefore, even though the alienation phenomena mentioned above can be inhibited in the mainland, they may also continue to exist in Taiwan. Standing on the point of protecting the same legitimate rights and interests of all the people, both sides need to further regulate the reserved operation of public orders from the perspectives of environment, institutions and human behaviors. However, the achievement of the goal truly depends on the respective legislators, justiciaries and other political institutions of the two sides. Meanwhile, in the new political environment, it also depends on whether both sides could strike the correct balance between the safeguard of social public interests and the equal protection of compatriots’ rights and interests.

A study on the effects of Cross-Strait institutional economic cooperation in recent years

TANG Yonghong;ZHAO Shengnan

Taiwan Studies,2016,No. 03

【Abstract】 The Cross-Strait institutional economic cooperation in recent years have achieved some effects, but the slow progress of normalization and liberalization of Cross-Strait economic activities limit the cooperation effects and dynamics. Those results have been made not only by objective factors such as Cross-Strait political and economic structures, but also by subjective factors such as perspectives and ideas about cooperation, and protection and discrimination against the Chinese mainland. Therefore, to improve the cooperation effects, it is necessary to recognize the relationship between economic relationship and political relationship, to adjust the Cross-Strait economic cooperation ideas, to speed up the Cross-Strait economic liberalization, to develop the Cross-Strait economic cooperation fields, and to advance the Cross-Strait industrial cooperation and integration.

New trend and path selection of the Cross-Strait’s economic relations

LIU Yuanyuan;SHENG Jiuyuan

Taiwan Studies,2016,No. 02

【Abstract】 In recent years, the Cross-Strait economic cooperation has appeared a new trend in the overall context of development: the trade and investment growth has slowed down, the promotion of institutional cooperation has met resistance, and the competition between some industries has intensified. This is the results of the combined actions, including the various factors within the island, the economic development of Chinese mainland, the Cross-Strait relations and the external environment. The role of non-economic factors has become increasingly apparent. With the DPP coming into power, there will be different path selection and development prospect, and the development of the Cross-Strait economic ties will continue to deepen the larger variables.

“Inter-Strait”: the mode of codetermination between Chinese mainland and Taiwan in a special communication form


Taiwan Studies,2016,No. 03

【Abstract】 While the political opposition between Chinese mainland and Taiwan continues, the cross-Strait communication demonstrates the unique form of the co-existence of political opposition and increasingly close interaction of economic, social and cultural exchanges. Under this circumstance, a new phenomenon of codetermination between Chinese mainland and Taiwan led by the political opposition is emerging. In order to explain this special phenomenon, by discourse transformation that corresponds to the cross-Strait reality, the author proposes the concept of “inter-Strait” based on the theory of intergovernmentalism. The theoretical connotation of this concept lies in paraphrasing the codetermination between Chinese mainland and Taiwan with the cross-Strait codetermination with the characteristic of soft laws while following the theory of intersubjectivity and substituting entity with structure. However, in the process of inter-Strait mode, there are still problems such as the legal position of codetermination, the deficiency of popular will legitimacy, and the limitation of decision range and target. Hence, it is high time that endeavors including cross-Strait legal construction, the integration mechanism of popular will, and codetermination platform construction were made to solve these problems.

Future trend of cross-Straits economic relations after the party alternation in Taiwan

ZHANG Guanhua

Taiwan Studies,2016,No. 05

【Abstract】 After the Democratic Progressive Party came back to power, it did not clearly recognize the 1992 Consensus, which results in the breakdown of cross-Straits economic cooperation mechanism and platform. The cross-Straits economic and trade policies will turn from benign interactions to gaming, and views on cross-Straits economic cooperation in Taiwan society also undergo complex changes. At the same time, due to the changes in global economy and cross-Straits relations, cross-Straits economic relations have entered a new period of transition. New problems such as transformation of market momentum, industrial competition and cooperation and interest distribution have emerged. All of these problems need to be solved by relying on higher-level institutionalized cooperation. The dual impact of political and economic factors will prolong the period of difficulties with cross-Straits economic transformation, and will have adverse effects on Taiwan economic development and cross-Straits relations.

Research on the status quo and prospect of Cross-Strait cooperation in the green energy industry

Cao Xiaoheng ;SHAO Shuai

Taiwan Studies,2016,No. 04

【Abstract】 The development of green energy industry has important strategic significance. In this paper, the status quo and prospect of cross-Strait cooperation in the green energy industry were studied. Although the development of the green energy industries in the Chinese mainland and Taiwan have their own characteristics, cooperation in the industry between both sides is still in its infancy. Predicts show that with the significant improvement of technological innovation capabilities and the continuous declines of production costs on two sides of the Taiwan Strait, the development climaxes of green energy industries on both sides will come around 2025 successively, earlier than that of the global green energy industry. The cross-Strait cooperation in the green energy industry should be upgraded to strategic cooperation in a new emerging industry so that both sides can occupy the high ground of development in the global green energy industry, grasp the development opportunities of the industry, and achieve leapfrog development in cross-Strait economic cooperation.

Historical and current tax bearing of SMEs in both China’s Taiwan and mainland: comparison and implication


Taiwan Studies,2016,No. 01

【Abstract】 The paper makes comparative studies on the historical and current tax bearing of SMEs in both Chinese Taiwan and mainland. The tax bearing of SMEs in the mainland are heavier than that in Taiwan. The preferential tax policies for SMEs in the mainland are insufficient compared to that in Taiwan. By drawing experience from Taiwan, the paper puts forward suggestions that the mainland should further ease burden of taxation of SMEs, and improve preferential tax policies.

Peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations: the theoretical framework and implementation path

YAN Zhilan

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 02

【Abstract】 The research on the peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations is one of important fields of the research on the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations. The paper focuses on present and future of the peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations. Firstly, from the theoretical research level, the paper defines the concept and content of the peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations, puts forward a possible analysis framework: social space of cross-Strait relations, taking the crossover study in sociology and cross-Strait social relations for example, and it illustrates how to do a micro-level research on the peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations, taking the Taiwanese businessmen study for example. Secondly, based on analyzing the functions and features of the peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations, the paper analyzes the present situation of the peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations. Finally, the paper proposes five possible paths to achieving the peaceful development of cross-Strait social relations.

The nature, limit and method of cross-Strait cooperation in solving the South China Sea issue

LIU Cheyuan;LI Lu

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 02

【Abstract】 The cross-Strait relations and the South China Sea issue are a dialectical unity. The dialectical strategy is to address the South China Sea issue in the process of cross-Strait relations development and to develop cross-Strait relations in solving the issue of the South China Sea. Due to the conventions of the cross-Strait relations and current international constraints, addressing the South China Sea issue will be a gradual and complicated process and it will inevitably need a mediating mechanism. Pan-Beibu Gulf economic cooperation, as a transitional mechanism, is suitable for solving the South China Sea issue in the unique cross-Strait relations and will facilitate the final resolution of the South China Sea issue. Accordingly, the article made a discussion on the nature, limit, method and domain of cross-Strait cooperation in solving the South China Sea issue within the framework of Pan-Beibu Gulf economic cooperation.

The new opportunities of developing and upgrading cross-Strait economic cooperation

SHENG Jiuyuan

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 02

【Abstract】 In the process of deepening the cross-Strait economic cooperation, regional cooperation is a most important way. With the establishment of the Shanghai Pilot Free Trade Zone and the Taiwan Free Economy Demonstration Zone, the mode and path of cross-Strait economic cooperation needs to be further expanded. Based on the growth poles theory, the article tries to analyze the mode and path of regional cooperation across the Strait, and to provide related ideas and suggestions for expanding the space and the way for cross-Strait cooperation in the new situation.

Formation and development of the cross-Strait industrial chains: empirical analysis based on HS4 industries

LI Baoming;ZHOU Xiaoke

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 02

【Abstract】 Since the 1990s, cross-Strait production cooperation has strengthened in conjunction with the development of Taiwanese investment in the Mainland.This paper first investigates the formation of cross-Strait industrial chains, subsequently studies their types and structures through an analysis of the cross-Strait intra-industrial trade and industrial divisions of 816 HS4 coded industries in the period of 2004–2012, and finally proposes policy suggestions to strengthen cross-Strait industrial cooperation. The results indicate that cross-Strait industrial chains formed in 299 of 816 industries in 2012, which accounted for 41.28% of total trade, and 68.56% of those industry chains were characterized as vertical division with Taiwan superiority.

The review of cross-Strait economic cooperation since 2008 and its experiences

ZHANG Guanhua

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 04

【Abstract】 Based on the common political basis of insisting “1992 consensus” and opposing “Taiwan independence,” the cross-Strait relations realize the peaceful development. The normalization, mechanism and institutionalization of the cross-Strait economic exchanges and cooperation initially come true, which is a historic breakthrough and play a positive role in promoting the transformation and upgrade and the welfare of the citizens. The cross-Strait economic cooperation, is not only the fruit of the peaceful development of the cross-Strait relations, but also the active demand of the new situation, including the fundamental change of the global economy, the acceleration of the regional economic integration and the cross-Strait economic transformation and upgrade, which reflect the two wheel drive and the positive interaction between the political trust and the market drive. In recent years, with the deepening of the cross-Strait economic cooperation, some underlying political and economic problems are emerging in the process of political and economic interaction and the cross-Strait economic transformation and upgrade. The cross-Strait economic cooperation is stepping into “the deep water area.” The cross-Strait political relations and the cross-Strait economic transformation and upgrade are facing some new uncertainties, and the cross-Strait economic cooperation is on the crossroad and need to make the critical choice.

Institutions, Norms and Networks: Constructive Effect of Social Capital on Trust Across the Taiwan Straits

CAO Dejun

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 05

【Abstract】 Social interactions between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits have been a kind of peace-building power. Since 2008, civilian interactions from the two sides have reached an unprecedented scale, and a cross-Straits civil society network emerged. However, with close exchanges becoming more and more frequent and insensitive, people in Taiwan express less and less trust and recognition to the Chinese mainland. Why these close exchanges contrarily nurture distrust? We should reflect on the relationship between social capital and mutual trust across the Taiwan Straits. This paper used the regression model to examine the relation between the social capital and trust across the Taiwan Straits by analyzing the 353 valid questionnaires. The conclusion pointed out that the reason why mutual trust of both sides descends with the increase of social interactions is that cross-Straits networks are characterized with privatization and decentralization, lacking of system integration. Therefore, to construct the cooperation of cross-Straits civil society, to foster shared norms to overcome the special trust problem, social capital is critical.

An analysis on the thinking of “put oneself in somebody else’s position” under the idea of “compatriots from both sides of the Taiwan Straits are of one family”

LI Peng

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 01

【Abstract】 In General Secretary of Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee Xi Jinping’s remarks on the idea of “compatriots from both sides of the Taiwan Straits are of one family,” he emphasized the two sides should “put oneself in somebody else’s position,” understand and respect each other. The idea inherited and developed the former leader’s policy thinking over the Taiwan question. It’s a concept combined emotional, rational and legal logic. The two sides have different understandings of “dignity” issue, which shows the importance of “putting oneself in somebody else’s position.” The two sides should put themselves into the other’s position to understand the special history, political difficulties, public opinion and social systems. Only by doing these, can the two sides shorten the distance between the hearts and deepen the mutual trust and push forward the course of peaceful development of cross-Strait relations.

Research on the connection and cooperation of the free economic and trade zone on both sides of the Taiwan Straits

TANG Yonghong;WANG Yong

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 03

【Abstract】 In the process of taking part in international economic liberalization, the free economic and trade zone on both sides of the Taiwan Straits should open markets to each other for the sake of connection and cooperation, reduce competition and develop synergistically, and boost industrial division and cooperation. What’s more, it also can be used as pilot area of trade liberalization and economic integration across the Taiwan Straits. It is of certain conditions and possibilities in the aspects of economic policies and the cross-Strait relations for the free economic and trade zone on both sides of the Taiwan Straits to develop connection and cooperation. To come into a state of competition-cooperation development and synergy development, the free economic and trade zone on both sides of the Taiwan Straits should develop connection and cooperation in the aspects such as regulations, policies, infrastructure, information, supervision, and industry.

On prospects and path research of interregional economic cooperation between Chinese mainland and Taiwan

CAO Xiaoheng;LIU Xiaoming

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 01

【Abstract】 Economic and trade exchanges and institutional cooperation between Chinese mainland and Taiwan have been into a new phase after the implementation of a series of agreements. Nevertheless, due to political factors, overall economic cooperation is not optimistic in the short-term. At the same period, interregional economic cooperation has been steadily promoted, including inter-provincial cooperation and cooperation among experimentation areas. Therefore, it is urgent to accelerate the interregional economic cooperation between Chinese mainland and Taiwan and to achieve its benign interaction with the overall economic cooperation. The author thinks that interregional economic cooperation across the Taiwan Straits has a bright future. It is important to promote the cooperation between pilots, zones and counties and to establish a cooperation pattern of multiple levels. Furthermore, in order to improve cooperation performance and promote cross-Straits economic integration process, it is inevitable to bring forth operating mechanism and to design a reasonable path.

Deep thought about the development of cross-Strait relations in the past 20 years

LIU Guofen

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 02

【Abstract】 The thesis reviews on the political, economic, cultural and social relations between both sides of the Taiwan Straits over the past 20 years. It analyses the problems and contradictions in the relations which develop in a zigzag way. The structural contradictions of cross-Strait relations are caused by many factors. They are interwoven with historical and practical, internal and external factors, and there are some objective and subjective factors as well. In order to break away from the structural dilemma, both sides of the Straits need further to pluck up their courage, take upon more historical responsibilities and use more flexible and varied methods to further deepen the course of the peaceful development of cross-Strait relations. Therefore, the article reckons that both sides shall have some new ideas, and take some new ways. At present, they must attach importance to solving some major problems.

The inspection on “the spillover effect” of the neo-functionalism in the cross-Strait relations

SUN Yun;WANG Xiuping

Taiwan Studies,2015,No. 01

【Abstract】 As the newly developed integration theory in the 1950s and 1960s, the new functionalism believes that the interdependence brought by the marketization drives the spillover of the cooperation in the functional fields, which prompts the initial integration in the economic field to “overflow” to the political integration. Since 2008, the cross-strait interactions in trade and economics as well as other social fields have been increasing in frequency and in volume. However, the dialogue and negotiation on political issues have not been opened and the spillover effect has not showed its significant impact on the cross-strait relations. Based on the Haas-Schmidt Architecture in the analysis of cross-Strait relations, the thesis shows that the size of the entity, the degree of multi-dimensions and the alliance right are the three elements hindering the integration of the Chinese mainland and Taiwan. The frequency of the interaction around the cooperation is highly correlated with the degree of the integration. What is more, the attitude of the political elites has vital importance on the integration.

Political effects of cross-Strait economic cooperation

TANG Yonghong

Taiwan Studies,2014,No. 03

【Abstract】 Cross-Strait economic cooperation and integration contributes to forming a close economic community, consolidating and deepening the economic basis for peaceful development of cross-Strait relationship, and advancing cross-Strait peaceful reunification. Nevertheless, the cooperation does not make adequate preparation for the cross-Strait peaceful reunification. To make full use of the political effects needs some subjective and objective conditions such as cross-Strait common political will and actions, which are needed to construct national identity on the basis of common interests. Polls show that the cross-Strait economic cooperation in recent years does have some positive effects on opposing the “independence of Taiwan.” But the cooperation has only been carried out for such a short time, the effects of which on peaceful reunification is hard to confirm or deny. Meanwhile, the effects are obviously restricted by political factors. To construct national identity is the key to cross-Strait peaceful reunification. Therefore, in order to improve the political effects of cross-Strait economic cooperation, it is necessary to hold right cooperation ideas, stick to specific guiding principles, and adopt appropriate implementation methods.

On the theoretical connotations and practical approaches of “cross-Straits political relations” during the phase of peaceful development

YAN Anlin

Taiwan Studies,2014,No. 03

【Abstract】 Theoretically, the “cross-Straits political relations” during the phase of peaceful development comprise five major contents, namely, political confrontation, political interaction, mutual political trust, political positioning and political cooperation between the two sides across the Taiwan Straits. The five contents are progressive in that each is built upon the previous one. That is to say, political confrontation necessitates political interaction through which political trust is enhanced to lay the basis of political positioning and then political cooperation of both sides across the Straits. In the meantime, these five contents are mutually facilitative. For example, constructive political interaction building on essential mutual political trust will enhance their trust in turn. For another example, a satisfactory cross-Straits political positioning will benefit political interaction, mutual trust and cooperation between both sides. This paper proposes that a “reasonable arrangement of cross-Straits political relations” involves four steps, including mutual, equal, pragmatic and public-authority consultation.

A research on the concept of “governing authority” in cross-Strait relations

WU Libin

Taiwan Studies,2014,No. 03

【Abstract】 There is considerable ambiguity in the concept of “governing authority.” It is the political power of government but different from autonomy and jurisdiction. It lacks both theory and international practice to support the idea that there could be multiple “governing authorities” in one sovereign state. For the formulation of “mutual non-denial of governing authority” advocated by Taiwan authorities, the Mainland of China should treat it with caution.

Prospect of military confrontation and cross-Straits confidence-building mechanism for military security

SHI Xiaodong

Taiwan Studies,2014,No. 03

【Abstract】 Based on the analysis of the dialectical relationship between military confrontation and confidence-building mechanism for military security, new military security strategy is proposed, which is conducive to establishing the confidence-building mechanism for military security and creating permanent peace across the Taiwan Straits. Basic features of the new military security strategy are aiming at maintaining the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations, focusing not only on how to win the war, but also on how to regain peace by war and how to prevent new wars during peacetime. Viewing all sides’ military security strategies by this standard, it can be concluded that Chinese mainland highly combines military strategy with political strategy, which provides much possibility that military can serve politics and the peaceful development of cross-Straits relations; Taiwan authorities and the United States insist on policies of “economy but not politics” and “peace without reconciliation,” which make their “wish for peace” hard to be realized on the level of military security strategy, and become the fundamental obstacle for the cross-Straits confidence-building mechanism for military security.

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