Community with a Shared Future
Community with a shared future for mankind from the perspective of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era
Management World,2019,Vol 35,No. 03
【Abstract】 The international political and economic systems constantly develop and evolve. Economically, capitalist economy, constantly deepening economic globalization, makes capital effectively allocated around the world on the one hand and the capitalist economic crisis of a country globalized on the other; politically, the power politics logic implied by the international system based on sovereign states conflicts with the global cooperation required for modern technology and capital development and then leads to such problems as development deficit, peace deficit, and governance deficit in the world. In the new century, especially the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the rise of Chinese economy has become the biggest variable for globalization. Marx’s interaction theory and the research and interpretation of different kinds of communities in human history have provided basic position and research methods for us to re-examine the international political and economic system and further open up in the new era. Different from the Western modern community construction, limited to the national dimension, the concept of global governance proposed by Comrade Xi Jinping to build a community with a shared future for mankind (CSFM) constitutes the core of the opening theory of socialist political economy with Chinese characteristics in the new era. This paper believed that the CSFM embodies the basic purpose and wisdom of the opening of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era and reflects the harmonious coexistence of different civilizations. Among its diversified implementation paths, the most prominent is the proposal and implementation of Belt and Road initiative, which keeps promoting the gradual formation of a fair and rational new international political and economic order.
From the community of shared interests to a community of destiny: approach to deepen China-ASEAN cooperation
Southeast Asian Affairs,2018,No. 01
【Abstract】 Interest has been the fundamental motive and the ultimate goal of state acts. When related countries become mutually independent in the interests to a certain degree, they may probably form a kind of “community with shared interests.” However, such interest-based link alone is inadequate to ensure sustainable motivation for cooperation and to maintain stable relations among them. Furthermore, if the strategic mutual trust and consensus fail to be timely established and consolidated on the basis of effective mechanisms, such deepened interdependence may even trigger anxiety and suspicion of some countries which may become cautious about the over-dependence on other members of the community, and consequently turn to hedging strategy by resorting to the third parties for counterbalance. Therefore, in view of the problems and challenges in the current China-ASEAN cooperation, it is fundamental to deepen China-ASEAN cooperation by forming a community with destiny based on the in-depth interconnection of interests and strategic mutual trust. Such an approach will not only contribute to the further boosting of the common interests of the two sides, but also better facilitate the efforts to lay a solid foundation for the lasting peace and universal prosperity in the region.
Russian,East European & Central Asian Studies,2018,No. 04
【Abstract】 China takes Russia as the most important strategic cooperative partner for building a community of shared future for mankind. During the development of the comprehensive strategic cooperation between China and Russia, cultural diplomacy, political diplomacy, and economic diplomacy are considered as the three pillars. The scale and level of cultural diplomacy between two countries have continuously improved and entered a new phase of institutionalization and standardization. In 2017, mutual cooperation in the fields of media, literature, education, sports, tourism, and films was pragmatic, effective, and creative. However, compared with the political trust between the two countries, the cultural intimacy between the Chinese and Russian people is still deficient. Aside from the traditional cultural diplomacy, it is necessary for us to examine these limitations and problems and find solutions.
The role of the overseas Chinese in Latin America in building the community of shared destiny for China and Latin America
Journal of Latin American Studies,2018,Vol 40,No. 01
【Abstract】 President Xi Jinping proposed the concept of a community of shared destiny for China and Latin America in 2014, elevating China-Latin America relations to an unprecedented level. The political and economic relations between China and Latin America have warmed up increasingly in these years, while people-to-people exchanges between the two sides lagged behind comparatively. Therefore, China should promote the people-to-people exchanges mechanism to consolidate the public opinion foundation of the two regions, which is conducive to build a community of shared destiny between China and Latin America. The role Latin American Chinese played in building the community of shared destiny for China and Latin America can be summarized into four aspects, namely, promoting mutual cultural communication between China and Latin America, broadening approaches of people-to-people exchanges, strengthening friendly cooperation between the two regions, and improving China’s image in Latin America. To give full play to unique advantages of Latin American Chinese in promoting China-Latin America relations, this paper proposes six approaches: enhancing the national identity of Chinese compatriots; strengthening the collaboration of Chinese communities in Latin America; boosting China’s national unification and promoting the spirit of loving China of new immigrants so as to fight against “Taiwan independence” forces; increasing investment in education of Chinese culture and enhancing its visibility in Latin America; seeking common ground while reserving ideological differences; encouraging Latin American Chinese to participate in local public affairs.
World Economics and Politics,2018,No. 04
【Abstract】 In the process of globalization, our human beings are in the status of species survival. Species security is the value criteria for us to reflect the history, status quo and future of nuclear utilities. Species security is the value basis for seeking human beings’ security in the world. However, nuclear justice is the indispensable element of species security. While nuclear justice has a specific meaning as well as a general meaning, it is naturally a concept of oughtness, which includes three process-oriented factors and six result-oriented criteria. From the value dimension, nuclear justice is based on the value of peace-cooperativism which has the characteristics of shared security and advantages of co-governance. From the historical dimension, the duality of nuclear power utility requires the guidance of nuclear justice theory. From the realistic dimension, nuclear justice is faced with a dilemma and has been interpreted differently. China has put forward a concept, namely, “community of shared future on nuclear security.” Looking forward to the future, there are possible paths to realize the value of nuclear justice, and the role of China can be set as an example. Nuclear power can be a best scenario or a worst scenario in the future, which depends on to what degree the value of nuclear justice can be accepted and realized.
World Economics and Politics,2018,No. 03
【Abstract】 Promoting the construction of a community of human destiny is not only an important part of the socialist ideology with Chinese characteristics in the new era, but also a basic strategy for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The thought of a community with a shared future for mankind, with deep and rich implications, not only follows the tide of the times and history, but also fully absorbs the essence of the excellent traditional Chinese culture, the diplomatic ideas of the People’s Republic of China, and the theories of global politics. Its core is to build an open, inclusive, clean, and beautiful world that enjoys lasting peace, universal security, and common prosperity, with the features like distinctive Chinese characteristics, broad global consensus, profound value foundation, significant value transcendence and profound philosophic connotations. To build the community with a shared future for mankind, it must adhere to the principles including fulfilling the purpose of the Charter of the United Nations, achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration, assuming common but differentiated responsibilities, and upholding overall civilization and sustainable development. Also, it should make every effort to build a new model of international relations, establish global universal security, forge global development and ecological governance, and strengthen world cultural exchange. The thought of a community with a shared future for mankind is a vital wisdom for global peace and development offered by China, which not only grants international relations and the progress of social civilization with distinctive Chinese characteristics, but also makes China occupy high moral ground in reforming world order. It will certainly make significant contributions for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, promote major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, steer the reform of global governance system, shape a fair and equitable new international order, and build a promising future for mankind.
The Journal of International Studies,2018,Vol 39,No. 06
【Abstract】 Cosmopolitanism is intrinsically linked to the community of shared future for mankind. They share common values and ideas, and both focus on and advocate the overall interests and development of human beings. Cosmopolitanism has a stronger philosophical and ethical color, while the community of shared future for mankind more reflects the social and political needs of human beings. Cosmopolitanism has a longer history, and the community of shared future for mankind is highlighted in the current era of globalization. In a sense, the theory of community of shared future for mankind is a manifestation of cosmopolitanism in the contemporary era and an urgent need of the process of human civilization. On the one hand, the construction of the community of shared future for mankind should be based on its own theoretical pillars and value orientation, on the other hand, it must consider the feasibility in reality. Based on this, the community of shared future for mankind can be divided into two levels and two types. The construction of it can also be divided into and realized in two stages. The first stage is to construct a community-oriented by cooperation and win-win situation, sovereignty and responsibility, common interests and responsibility based on the sovereign state; the second stage is to build a community-oriented by common interests, responsibilities, and value-based on the human subject, which highlights global sentiments, global concerns, and global consciousness.
West Asia and Africa,2018,No. 05
【Abstract】 To form a community of human destiny for all human beings, build a new type of international relations, and further the traditional knowledge and modern wisdom of all countries, nations, and regions, an important prerequisite is to promote innovation in disciplinary development of international and area studies covering the whole world. Through equal dialogue and diverse communication, the knowledge, thoughts, and cultures of all human beings can be linked and integrated to a truly shared knowledge system transcending geographic boundaries. Such a system jointly constructed and widely shared by all human beings can provoke them into thinking in a more rational, active, and positive way and take common actions in sharing common interests and shaping common destiny. Within the context, distinctive African studies in China and Chinese studies in Africa are thus the academic disciplines that researchers of China and Africa are suggested to work on today.
Northeast Asia Forum,2018,Vol 27,No. 04
【Abstract】 Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (NCCPC), President Xi Jinping has profoundly interpreted the “community with a shared future for mankind” on many important occasions both in China and foreign countries, proposed to jointly tackle various problems and challenges facing the world by “building a community with a shared future for mankind” to jointly promote world peace and development. The Report of the 19th NCCPC clearly stated that the major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics would lead to new-type international relations and community with a shared future for mankind. At the 1st Session of the 13th National People’s Congress, the “Constitution Amendment of the People’s Republic of China” was voted on, and “to promote a community with a shared future for mankind” was put into the Constitution, which marks building a community with a shared future for mankind as the collective will and striving goal of the whole Party and all people of China. In order to fully understand the theoretical wisdom and practical implications of the “community with a shared future for mankind,” the editorial department of the journal invited five scholars to discuss the scientific connotation and theoretical innovation of “building a community with a shared future for mankind” and analyze in depth the creation of “community with a shared future for neighbors,” “community with a shared future for Northeast Asia,” and “community with a shared future for major countries.”
A community of shared future for mankind: the contemporary development of the social foundations theory of international law
Social Sciences in China,2018,No. 05
【Abstract】 Traditionally, the social foundation of the emergence and existence of international law was summed up as the international community. This exhibits the coexistence of collision and cooperation and of common and conflicting interests in the relations among nations. Recently, the term “international community ”has been widely used in national practice and academic discourse, and many scholars believe that the development of inter-state relations shows a shift on the part of the international community toward a global international community. The concept of a community of shared future for mankind reflects China’s renewed understanding of the social foundation of international law; introduces fine traditional Chinese culture into global governance; develops Marxist doctrines concerning the community; focuses on humans as a whole and as individuals; emphasizes the unity of differences and interdependence in the international community; and highlights its ultimate problems. The concept of the community of shared future for mankind has important significance for the theory and practice of international law; it reflects the emergence of a holistic methodology, the response of international law to the questioning of its legitimacy, and the international law trends of hierarchization and systematization. The concept of a community of shared future for mankind has important value for China’s participation in the reform of the global governance system and helps deepen understanding of the relationship between China and the world, enhancing China’s international discourse power and capability and promoting the international relations rule of law China has proposed.
Guiding significance of the thought of “a community with shared future” to the “re-normalization” of Sino-Japan relations
Northeast Asia Forum,2017,Vol 26,No. 02
【Abstract】 During the G20 summit of 2016, the summit talk between China and Japan is the third time since the 2014 summit talks, providing new opportunities for the improvement of Sino-Japan relations. President Xi advocated the concept of “a community with shared future,” which has become the guiding principle for the development of Sino-Japan relations. Since March 2013, President Xi has been explaining the idea of “a community with shared future,” hoping to build a new blueprint for international fair and equitable order. The community with shared future, beyond the thinking of the great power in the Cold War, is a new proposition of the international order, and has a great guiding significance for the top-level design of Sino-Japan relations. In the future, China and Japan should take the “community with shared future” as the guiding ideology of the top-level design, try to go back to the “re-normal” development route of Sino-Japan relations, and together with the East Asian countries to promote consensus and build the Asian community with shared future.
Journal of Contemporary Asia-Pacific Studies,2017,No. 01
【Abstract】 The year 2016 marks the 25th anniversary since China and ASEAN established a dialogue relationship with each other. This paper analyzed the process China adjusted its practices towards ASEAN norms, of which it shifted from a follower to a co-maker. The paper argued that, over the past 25 years, ASEAN had regulated China’s conduct through integration and radiation and by becoming a pivot. This paper attempted to consider detailed steps to realize the prospect of a China-ASEAN community with a shared future. It proposed a path whereby the concept of “harmony” in traditional Chinese culture could be connected to ASEAN’s integration approach, the Belt and Road Initiative be linked with ASEAN’s radiation channel, and the policy of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness be integrated with ASEAN being a pivot. This can provide a means with both ASEAN characteristics and Chinese wisdom for regional organizations to interact with regional powers. By changing the normative methods and direction between China and ASEAN, it will be more feasible to jointly keep regional order. In the future, China will turn from a follower of ASEAN norms to a co-maker of regional order together with ASEAN.
The building of a community of shared future for mankind and China’s period of strategic opportunities
International Economic Review,2017,No. 06
【Abstract】 As the connectivity of the world deepens, there have been increasing numbers of transnational and global challenges that require all countries to work together to tackle. China also needs to rethink its strategic opportunities and take a more pro-active approach to create strategic opportunities. At present, while it benefits from its strategic opportunities, China can also use its strategic opportunities to contribute to global wisdom and, together with other countries, find solutions to global challenges to promote common interests of the world. If it wants to benefit more from its strategic opportunities, China needs to adopt a new approach in tackling risks and challenges; it needs to look at global issues from the perspective of community of shared future and carry out cooperation with other countries to achieve a win-win result, which should become an inevitable part of its foreign strategic roadmap. China should stick to the main task of building a community of shared future for mankind and match its strategic opportunities with the development prospects of the world so that ultimately, both objectives can be promoted.
Current controversy on the community of shared destiny for cross-Strait relations: building a model with cooperation and confrontation
Taiwan Studies,2017,No. 04
【Abstract】 This paper uses constructivism as an approach to analyzing the situation of cold confrontation in cross-Strait relations. In light of Alexander Wendt’s theory of the conceptual effect, this paper discusses how the concept of a community of shared destiny in cross-Strait relations can be molded and understood, and how it can be valued by the people in both societies as a standard of behaviors. The author argues that the cold confrontation should not dominate the cross-Strait relations and that the current hostile atmosphere cannot be reinforced. The authorities in the mainland should face the unbalanced and contradictory mentality of Taiwan people. On the one hand, people in Taiwan seek peace and financial benefits in cross-Strait relations, and on the other hand, they still hold a grudge against the mainland and distrust Beijing. Therefore, this study suggests a new model of cooperation culture, which can be adopted by both sides on the basis of the platform of interdependence. The hostility toward the “otherness” could then be resolved, and a new attitude based on expanded homogeneous consciousness could be generated. As a result, both sides of the Straits may establish a new code of self-restraint in order to successfully agree upon the values of the community of shared destiny in cross-Strait relations.
Constructing “community of shared destiny” between China and Latin America: necessity, possibility and challenge
Journal of Latin American Studies,2016,Vol 38,No. 04
【Abstract】 Building a “community of shared future for mankind” is one of China’s new ideas and practices promoted by Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Central Committee of Communist Party of China (CPC) since the 18th National Congress of CPC. It is consistent with the trend of human social development. It is not only China’s “world dream” and the policy statement of China’s path of peaceful development, but also a new practice of major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics. Latin America is an important partner for China to build a community of shared destiny. Since the 21st century, the economic and trade relations between China and Latin America have made leap-forward development, and the interests of both sides have been increasingly merged. China and Latin American countries have initially built up a community of shared destiny for mutual development. With the development of bilateral economic and trade relations and the expansion of personnel exchanges, non-traditional security issues, including smuggling, drug trafficking and organized crimes, have increasingly become common security issues affecting both sides. The rise of emerging developing countries and the increasing global challenges have made the two sides become a political community of shared destiny that promotes the establishment of new international relations and the transformation of the system of global governance. However, due to the restructuring of the economic structure of China and Latin America, the world political and economic uncertainty, the United States factors and changes in the identity of China and Latin America, China and Latin America are faced many challenges to build the community of shared destiny. In the face of challenges, China should maintain its strategic strength and patience to build the community of shared destiny for common progress with Latin American countries.