Sponsor(s): Rural Development Institute Chinese Academy of Social Sciences
6 issues per year
Current Issue: Issue 06, 2019
Journal official website:http://www.zgncgc.cn/
The journal makes deep searches on rural reformation and development and shows current condition of chinese villages in different points of view. Main readers include researchers of rural economics and theory institutes, teachers and students of higher education and people who search rural economics and social problems.
The lock-in effect of non-portability of new rural social endowment insurance’s on rural labor mobility: an alternative for the lock-in effect of New Rural Cooperative Medical System
China Rural Survey,2019,No. 06
This study theoretically analyzed the lock-in effect of New Rural Social Endowment Insurance (NRSEI) on the rural labor migration. Data of China Labor-force Dynamics Survey (CLDS) in 2016 were used for conducting empirical tests. A comparative analysis was also carried out on the relationship between the New Rural Cooperative Medical Insurance (NRCMI) and NRSEI in terms of their lock-in effects on the rural labor migration. It was found that NRSEI reduced the migration probability of rural labor by 56.82%, and reduced the inter-town migration probability of rural labor by 58.04%. The lock-in effect of NRSEI on youth and young adults was stronger than on elderly adults. The probability that rural workers migrating out of their hometowns and becoming migrant workers was reduced by 34.03% after they joined the NRSEI scheme. In addition, for rural workers without NRSEI, NRCMI still had a certain lock-in effect on their migration. However, after rural workers joined the NRSEI scheme, the lock-in effect of NRCMI was almost completely replaced by that of NRSEI. This study showed that with the current trend characterized by accelerated new development for urbanization, it was particularly important to change the non-portability of rural endowment insurances represented by NRSEI.
Gender differences in adult children’s support for parents in rural China: an intergenerational perspective
China Rural Survey,2019,No. 06
Based on the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) data in 2016, this article analyzes the gender differences in the support behavior of rural families’ children from the perspective of intergenerational differences and discusses the specific impact mechanism. The results show that, as a whole, there still remains a traditional elderly care model of raising sons to prepare for old age in rural areas. However, this traditional model begins to change among the new generation of children. The differences in financial support and care between daughters and sons have been greatly reduced, and the differences are no longer significant. This means that although the family elderly care mode with sons as the core in rural areas has not been completely changed, it has undergone significant change. By analyzing the behavior mechanism, the study further finds that the improvement of women’s status and the decrease in the number of children in the family promote adult daughters to provide more support for their parents. Meanwhile, the weakening of the traditional gender concept also has a role in pushing daughters to support their parents. In addition, the increase in rural elderly parents’ demand for care and the female advantage in emotion and care increase the role of daughters’ care, but the role in improving financial support is not obvious.