Sponsor(s): Shanghai Federation of Social Sciences
12 issues per year
Current Issue: Issue 08, 2020
Journal official website:http://www.xsyk021.com/
Started publication in January 1957, Academic Monthly was one of the earliest three comprehensive academic journals of philosophy and social sciences established in China after the founding of the People’s Republic of China. In March, 1958, under the leadership of Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, as an academic mass organization, Shanghai Federation of Social Science Associations (SFOSSA) was established, with promoting and coordinating the city’s social sciences studies and popularization as its main task, and Academic Monthly became its organ. The successive chairmen of SFOSSA are Chen Wangdao, Xia Zhengnong, Luo Zhufeng, Li Chuwen, Qin Shaode, and the present chairman is Wang Zhan, the present leading Party group secretary is Quan Heng; the full-time deputy chairmen are Quan Heng, Xie Chao and Ren Xiaowen; the members of the leading Party group include Quan Heng, Xie Chao, Ren Xiaowen and Chen Linhui. During the “Cultural Revolution” period, SFOSSA stopped activity. In 1978, SFOSSA resumed its function, and Academic Monthly also resumed publication in January, 1979.
Academic Monthly,2020,Vol 52,No. 08
According to Kant, any appearance or natural event including the determination of the will lies in endless causal connections, with any natural event simultaneously being the effect and the cause of others. On the other hand, things in themselves (or supernatural things) affect one’s sensibility, making one produce intuitive representations or appearances. In this sense, things in themselves constitute the intelligible cause or ground of intuitive representations or appearances. Men, as one kind of things in themselves (the so-called transcendental subjects, the real selves), must also constitute the real ground or cause of the intuitive representations or appearances of themselves (men as appearances, the so-called empirical subject). Moreover, men as things in themselves—or rather, their rationality—also constitute intelligible cause or ground in another sense, and further possess a very special kind of intelligible causality. In other words, they can spontaneously result in an effect or a natural event (especially, an action) in the field of appearances, and further spontaneously start a series of natural events. However, the natural events as effects are already completely determined by the natural events as their causes. Hence, the overdetermination seemingly appears: both intelligible cause and corresponding natural cause (especially, the determination and action of the will) seem to result in the same effect (especially, a particular action). Therefore, one of them seems to be unnecessary. Nevertheless, it is not believed that Kant faces such a dilemma. The reason is as follows. The relation between the transcendental subject or the relevant supernatural event and the relevant natural conditions, namely, the appearances of the inner sense (the determination and the action of the will) corresponding to the relevant supernatural event, is not the so-called realization relation and the supervenience or grounding relation, but the causation. Hence, the transcendental subject or the relevant supernatural event, the relevant natural conditions, and the relevant action constitute a causal chain. Or rather, intelligible causation is not a kind of direct causation, but a kind of indirect causation: the transcendental subject or men as things in themselves (or their rationality) determine the relevant natural cause (namely, will) within men as appearances, namely, the will, in accordance with both the natural laws and the rationality, exercises its causality to produce a relevant natural event—an action in conformity with the natural laws— proper to that causality.