History of Chinese Philosophy,2017,No. 01
Scholars of Zhuangzi regard Kunpeng (an enormous legendary bird transformed from a gigantic fish) in article A Happy Excursion (逍遥游) in Zhuangzi (庄子) as symbol of the highest spiritual realm of a free traveler, or as one of the secular things of the world. To settle their differences, we should understand the relationship between all parts of A Happy Excursion and determine the status of the fable of Kunpeng in this article. In this paper, we are going to analyze the root causes behind the differences and the misunderstanding of their viewpoints. This paper then puts forward an interpretation different from previous ones. It regards the fable of Kunpeng as the introduction of A Happy Excursion, and its significance lies in leading to the discussion of “small” and “big.” On the basis of text analysis, this paper puts forward a method of reading the seven chapters of Zhuangzi that we should maintain the relative independence of the texts at different semantic levels while paying attention to the overall understanding of Zhuangzi. We should first examine the meaning of each semantic system within the system of the text. We should make sure that the semantics of the text from outside the system is compatible with the semantics of the system. In case of semantic discordance, we should first change our understanding of the text from outside the system.
Simulating Effects of Nitrogen Application on Soil Nitrate Nitrogen and Growth and Development of Cotton under Mulched Drip Irrigation
2020,Vol 57,No. 02
[Objective] To clarify the effect of nitrogen application on the soil nitrate nitrogen and cotton growth under mulched drip irrigation. [Methods] The cotton cultivar Xinluzao 52 was used in this study, and a total of five treatments were designed: N0 (no nitrogen application), N150 (150 kg/hm 2), N250 (250 kg/hm 2), N350 (350 kg/hm 2), and N450 (450 kg/hm 2). We studied the operation rule and the optimum application amount of nitrogen fertilizer under mulched drip irrigation, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for the relevant management. [Results] The results showed that the above-ground biomass accumulation of cotton applied with different nitrogen fertilizer levels fit the logistic curve model Y = a/[1 + b × exp(− k × t)], which showed the maximum accumulation rate from day 71 to day 77, and entered the rapid accumulation stage from day 56 to day 60. In the two years, the LAI of each treatment showed the trend of N450 > N350 > N250 > N150 > N0, which could reach 4.51–4.81. In the 0–60 cm soil layer, the nitrate nitrogen content showed a trend of first increasing and then decreasing with the increase in soil depth, which peaked in the 20–40 cm soil layer. The soil nitrate nitrogen was mainly consumed at the bud stage and the boll stage. The cotton yield, nitrogen fertilizer utilization rate, and nitrogen fertilizer contribution rate were the highest under N350 treatment, which were 7 477.5 kg/hm 2, 40.32%, and 56.09% in 2017 and 7 731.7 kg/hm 2, 43.24%, and 57.02% in 2018, respectively. [Conclusion] Considering all the factors, the N350 (350 kg/hm 2) treatment showed the best efficacy among the five treatments, and the simulation showed that the nitrogen application rate was within the threshold range of 327.70–340.67 kg/hm 2, which was conducive to high cotton yield and improvement of fertilizer utilization rate.
Studies in World Religions,2019,No. 03
During the two hundred years between the ending of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, it is the period of “taking shape” of Islam coming from the outer world into the inland regions of China. During the period, the huge and profound change is that Islam coming from the outside happens to have an additive of Chinese element during the localization and nationalization process, setting up the trend of “explaining the classics of Islam by using Confucianism” and “defining the religion of Islam by using Confucianism.” The terms localization and nationalization in actuality are also a way of expressing sinicization. During the progress, the Chinese Muslim scholastic elites, who have studied Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, and Islam, played a hugely important role. Throughout the years, the academic circles have produced some influential works on the issue of sinicization in Islam, but it shows a lack of digging deeper into the detailed research by referring to the literature. This paper is trying to discuss about some personal opinions on the issues involving the path and roadmap on sinicization of Islam based on the original work The Rites of Arabia by Liu Zhi, and with reference to the corresponding opinions expressed by Wang Daiyu and Ma Zhu.
Trade liberalization and regional employment adjustment: evidence from China’s prefecture-level cities
The Journal of World Economy,2019,Vol 42,No. 06
This paper uses the exogenous event of China’s accession to WTO to study the regional labor employment adjustment following China’s trade liberalization. This paper builds Bartik instrument and divide the regional labor market employment into formal employment and informal employment. The results show that both trade liberalization of final goods and trade liberalization of intermediate goods promote the expansion of the informal employment; regions facing larger tariff cuts experience more increased informal employment and total employment, but no similar regional effects on formal employment. Further results show that trade liberalization has different impacts on informal employment in different trade sectors, and the positive impact of trade liberalization on informal employment in non-tradable sectors is greater than that of informal employment of tradable sectors.
China's Borderland History and Geography Studies,2019,Vol 29,No. 01
The great cause of reunifying Xinjiang by the Qing dynasty is the inevitable result of development of a multi-ethnic country since the Han, Tang, and Yuan dynasties. Although the reunification of Xinjiang was finally completed during Qianlong Emperor’s reign, Kangxi, Yongzheng, and Qianlong all significantly contributed to this cause. The reunification of Xinjiang, which has immeasurable historical significance, consolidated the northwest frontier of China, promoted the communication between various ethnic groups and the multi-ethnic inhabitation pattern in Xinjiang, facilitated the economic growth and political system in Xinjiang, guaranteed the smoothness of the Silk Road, and also reflected the historical trend.