Sources of criminal law and the criminal legislation modeAug. 4,2020
The sources of criminal law is a complicated system, which develop from intangible law to tangible law, from decentralized law to concentrated law, from unwritten law to statutory law and further enactment of codes, from relatively simple law to increasingly complicated law, and from domestic law to international and even global law. This is the basic conclusion of the research on the historical and global sources of criminal law. With all kinds of opportunities and challenges, it is imperative for China to reform its criminal law. The 18 years from the adoption of the Criminal Law of 1979 to the major revision in 1997 was the initial stage of the Chinese criminal law system, and the two decades after 1997 has been a stage of basic establishment and gradual perfection of the system. As far as criminal legislation is concerned, there have been endless discussions on criminal law codification, two-layer legislation, and three-layer legislation in China. A comparative study on the sources and normative system of criminal law in light of China’s domestic needs from global and historical perspectives might indicate the possible approach to future criminal legislation, namely establishing the philosophy of diversified legislation, adhering to the dominant position of codification, improving the mode of amendment, and activating such necessary supplements as special criminal laws and scattered criminal rules as subsidiary criminal laws.
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